Deductive models and practical reasoning

Max Urchs



Cognitive psychology investigates the structural properties of human reasoning. We review some achievements of this kind of research and give a critical evaluation of its methods.

Full Text:



Ajdukiewicz, K., “Klasyfikacja rozumowań”, Studia Logica 2 (1955), 278–299.

Braine, M. D. S., “The ‘natural logic’ approach to reasoning”, in: Overton (ed.), Reasoning, Necessity, and Logic: Developmental Perspectives, Erlbaum 1990.

Braine, M. D. S., B. J. Reiser, and B. Rumain, “Some empirical justification for a theory of natural propositional reasoning”, in: Bower (ed.), Psychology of Learning and Motivation, vol. 18, Academic Press 1984.

Cheng, P. W., and K. J. Holyoak, “Pragmatic reasoning schemas”, Cognitive Psychology 17 (1985), 391–416.

Cosmides, L., “The logic of social exchange: Has natural selection shaped how humans reason?”, Cognition 31 (1989), 187–276.

Dreyfus, H. L.,What Computers Still Cant’t Do. A critique of artificial reason, The MIT Press Cambridge, Mass., London 1992.

Frege, G., Grundgesetze der Arithmetik, Jena 1893–1903.

Husserl, E., Logische Untersuchungen, Halle 1900–1901.

Jackson, S. L., and R. A. Griggs, “The elusive pragmatic reasoning schemas effect” ,Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 42A (1990), 353–373.

Johnson-Laird, P. N., and R. M. J. Byrne, Deduction, Erlbaum 1991.

Lehman, D. R., R. O. Lampert, and R. E. Nisbett, “The effects of graduate training on reasoning”, American Psychologist 43 (1988), 431–442.

Morgan, J. J. B., and J. T. Morton, “The distortion of syllogistic reasoning produced by personal convictions”, Journal of Social Psychology 20 (1944), 39–59.

Morris, M. W., and R. E. Nisbett, “Tools of the trade: Deductive schemas taught in psychology and philosophy”, in: Nisbett (ed.), Rules for Reasoning, Erlbaum 1993.

Newell, A., “Reasoning, problem solving, and decision process. The problem space as a fundamental category”, in: R. S. Nickerson (ed.), Attention and Performance VIII, Erlbaum 1980.

Newell, A., J. C. Shaw, and H. A. Simon, “Empirical Explorations with the Logic Theory Machine: A case study in heuristics”, in: Proceedings of the Western Joint Computer Conference 1957.

Osherson, D. N., Logical Abilities in Children, vol. 1–4, Erlbaum 1974–1976.

Rips, L. J., The Psychology of Proof. Deductive Reasoning in Human Thinking, MIT Press 1994.

Stelzner, W., Epistemische Logik, Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1984.

Urchs, M. P., “Artificial causality”, in: Faye, Scheffler, Urchs (eds.), Logic and Causal Reasoning, Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1994.

Print ISSN: 1425-3305
Online ISSN: 2300-9802

Partnerzy platformy czasopism