Realisms. Temporal and spatial

Zdzisław Augustynek

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/LLP.1995.001

Abstract


Conceptual realism acknowledges the existence of abstract objects: theoretical realism acknowledges the existence of non-observable objects; whereas classical realism acknowledges the existence of observable objects. Similarly, temporal realism accepts the existence of future and past events along with present ones, and spatial realism accepts the events which occur there (else-where) as well as those that occur here.

We dealt earlier with the three former kinds of realism and their opposites: nominalism, instrumentalism and (ontological) idealism [2]. This paper contains an examination of the two latter forms of realism: temporal and spatial, and their counterparts: temporal and spatial irrealisms. Analogies and connections between these standpoints will be the focus of the paper.

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References


Z. Augustynek, Przeszłość, teraźniejszość, przyszłość, PWN, Warszawa 1979. In English: Time: Past, Present, Future, Kluwer and PWN, Dordrecht – Warszawa 1991.

Z. Augustynek, “Trzy realizmy” (Three Forms of Realism), Studia Epistemologiczne 1990, pp. 43–65.

Z. Augustynek, “Kauzalna teoria przeszłości i przyszłości” (Causal Conception of Past and Future), [in:] T. Bukczyński (ed.), Współczesna filozofia nauki, UAM, Poznań 1991, pp. 99–104.

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J. Łukasiewicz, Z zagadnień logiki i filozofii (Some Problems of Logic and Philosophy), PWN, Warszawa 1961.

L. Sklar, Philosophy and Space-time Physics, Berkeley 1985.

D. C. Williams, “The Myth of Passage”,The Journal of Philosophy 48 (1951), pp. 457–472.








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