On the logic of event causation. Part I. Fundamental reflections

Uwe Scheffler

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/LLP.1993.004

Abstract


The paper outlines an analysis of token causation. It contains reasons for the choice of event tokens and a list of properties of causal relations. After defining the notion event it is shown, in which form classical philosophical problems arise and how they can be solved: Causality is interpreted as an second order property of first order relations. Temporal order can be induced from causal order. Token causation does not involve neither any kind of necessity, nor probability. Causal laws are generalizations on sentences about token causation by quantifying over event types. Two explications of Causal law are suggested, differing in the ability of allowing for exceptions.

Full Text:

PDF

References


D. Abusch, Verbs of Change, Causation, and Time, CSLI – Report, 86-50, 1986.

D. Armstrong, What is a Law of Nature, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, London, New York, New Rochelle, Melbourne, Sydney, 1983.

J. van Benthem, The Logic of Time, Reidel, Dordrecht, Boston, London, 1983.

J. Bigelow and R. Pargetter, Metaphysics of Causation, Erkenntnis 33, 1990, p. 89–119.

V. Hardcastle, Partitions, Probabilistic Causal Laws, and Simpson’s Paradox, Synthese 86, 1991, p. 209–228.

H. Hart and A. Honor´e, Causation in the Law, Oxford, 1959.

P. Hasle and P. Øhrstrøm, Causal and Temporal Reasoning, Draft, Private Communication, 1991.

A. Heathcote and D. Armstrong, Causes and Laws, Noˆus 25, 1991, p. 63–73.

J. Pearl and T. Verma, A Theory of Inferred Causation, Allen, Fikes, Sandevall (Eds.), Principles of Knowledge Representation and Reasoning: Proceedings of the Second International Conference. San Mateo, CA, 1991, p. 441–452.

C. Pizzi, Counterfactuals and the Complexity of Causal Notions, Topoi 9, 1990, p. 147–155.

U. Scheffler, Events as Shadowy Entities, Konstanzer Berichte Logik und Wissenschaftstheorie 28, 1992.

U. Scheffler, Causal Stability, Svoboda (Ed.) LOGICA ’92 — Proceedings, Prague, 1993, p. 132–143.

E. Scheibe, Remarks on the Concept of Cause, Contemporary German Philosophy, Vol. 4, 1984, p. 223–243.

P. Suppes, A Probabilistic Theory of Causality, Acta Philosophica Fennica XXIV, 1970.

M. Urchs, Kausallogik, Leipzig, 1986.

M. Urchs, On the Logic of Event Causation II (Jaśkowski-systems of Causal Logic), Konstanzer Berichte Logik und Wissenschaftstheorie 26, 1992.

H. Wessel, Logik, Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften, Berlin, 1984.








ISSN: 1425-3305 (print version)

ISSN: 2300-9802 (electronic version)

Partnerzy platformy czasopism