MANAGEMENT BY OBJECTIVES AS A METHOD OF MEASURING TEAMS' EFFECTIVENESS

Kinga Hoffmann-Burdzińska, Olaf Flak

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/JPM.2015.016

Abstract


The aim of the paper is to present the method of management by objectives in measuring effectiveness of teams. The main elements of this method – goals and tasks – were used to measure teams’ work on the same project. The quantitative measurers of goals and tasks let assess an effectiveness of teams and compare teams to one another. The methodology of the research was an experiment conducted with on-line management tools named goaler® and tasker® based on the system of organizational terms. This theoretical foundation represent system and positivist approach to management. However, this approach was developed in the mix research method. This paper contains quantitative results and conclusions about effectiveness of teams. For this purpose following measurers were used: numbers of goals and tasks in each group, numbers of actions taken by team managers, duration of teamwork, number of goals and tasks editions. Despite the fact that the method of management by objectives is thoroughly described and parameterized, human contribution in the application of the method in practice appeared still crucial. However, the originality of this paper comes from implementing online management tools which are based on the system of organizational terms and using them to measure human behavior.

Keywords


management by objectives; effectiveness; HR team; goal; task; system of organizational terms

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adorian, D., Silverberg, D. S., Tomer, D., Wamosher, Z. (1990), “Group discussions with the health-care team: A method of improving care of hypertension in general practice”, Journal of Human Hypertension, Vol. 4, pp. 265-268.

Antoni, C. (2005), “Management by objectives – an effective tool for teamwork”, International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol. 16 No. 2. pp. 174-184. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0958519042000311381

Bieniok, H. (2004), Metody sprawnego zarzadzania, Wydawnictwo PLACET, Warszawa.

Brink, C., Rewitzky, I. (2002), “Three dual ontologies”, Journal of Philosophical Logic, Vol. 31 No. 6, pp. 543-568. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1021204628219

Chodorek, M. (2010), “Self-assessment of the positive potential of organisation by managers of Polish companies - research results”, Journal of Positive Management, Vol. 1 No. 1, pp. 85-96. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/JPM.2010.007

Daft, R. L. (2010), Management, Cengage Learning, Mason.

Drucker, P. F. (2008), Praktyka zarządzania, Wydawnictwo MT Biznes, Warszawa.

Etzel, M. J., Ivancevich, J. M. (1974), “Management by objectives in marketing: philosophy, process and problems”, Journal of Marketing, Vol. 38 No. 4. pp. 47-55. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1250391

Flak, O. (2007), “Układ wielkości organizacyjnych jako obiekt badań”, in: Nalepka, A. (Ed.), Organizacje komercyjne i niekomercyjne wobec wzmożonej konkurencji oraz wzrastających wymagań konsumentów, Wyższa Szkoła Biznesu, Nowy Sącz, pp. 64-74.

Flak, O. (2008), “Konceptualizacja układu wielkości organizacyjnych”, in: Nalepka, A. (Ed.), Organizacje komercyjne i niekomercyjne wobec wzmożonej konkurencji oraz wzrastających wymagań konsumentów, Wyższa Szkoła Biznesu, Nowy Sącz, pp. 13-22.

Flak, O. (2010), “Wymiary i wielkości mierzone w układzie wielkości organizacyjnych”, in: Nalepka, A. (Ed.), Organizacje komercyjne i niekomercyjne wobec wzmożonej konkurencji oraz wzrastających wymagań konsumentów, Wyższa Szkoła Biznesu, Nowy Sącz, pp. 11-21.

Flak, O. (2012), “Management sciences”, in: Nalepka, A., Ujwary, A. (Eds.), Business and Non-profit Organizations Fading Increased Competition and Growing Customers’ Demands. Wyższa Szkoła Biznesu, Nowy Sącz, pp. 9-18.

Flak, O. (2013), “Theoretical foundation for managers’ behavior analysis by graph-based pattern matching”, International Journal of Contemporary Management, Vol. 12 No. 4, pp. 110-123.

Glykas, M. (2011), “Performance measurement in business process, workflow and human resource management”, Knowledge and Process Management, Vol. 18 No. 4, pp. 241-265. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/kpm.387

Krzyżanowski, L. (1985), Podstawy nauki zarządzania, PWN, Warszawa.

McGregor, D. (1990), “An uneasy look at performance appraisal”, in: Vroom, V. (Ed.), Manage People, Not Personnel: Motivation and Performance Appraisal, Harvard Business Review, pp. 89-94.

Prechtl, P. (2007), Wprowadzenie do filozofii języka, Wydawnictwo WAM, Kraków.

Reinfuss, R. (2009), MBO prosta i skuteczna technika zarządzania firmą, Wydawnictwo HELION, Gliwice.

Ross, K. E. (1971), “Management by objectives applied to the business communication class”, The Journal of Business Communication, Vol. 8 No. 2. pp. 45-52. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/002194367100800201

Szelagowska-Rudzka, K. (2015), “Management Style as Determinant of Employees’ Direct Participation in ICT Industry: Case Study”, in: Dias Rouco, J. C. (Ed.), Proceedings of the 11th European Conference on Management Leadership and Governance 2015, Academic Conferences International Limited, Reading, pp. 478-486.

Tosi, H. L., Rizzo, J. R., Carroll, S. J. (1970), “Setting goals in management by objectives”, California Management Review, Vol. 12 No. 4. pp. 70-78. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/41164307

Wernerfelt, B. (1984), “A resource-based view of the firm”, Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 5 No. 2. pp. 171-180. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smj.4250050207.








logo
 
 
 
Action funded by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education under the contract number 916/P-DUN/2019 by funds dedicated to dissemination of research findings. Preparing for publication papers in English and employing reviewers affiliated in research institutions abroad in 8 issues of the Journal of Positive Management in 2019-2020: Vol. 10, No. 1-4, Vol. 11, No. 1-4.

Partnerzy platformy czasopism