Przemysław Zbierowski

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/JPM.2015.013.2


Purpose: Being encouraged by positive scholars I make an attempt to use positive way of thinking to further explore the process of entrepreneurship. More specifically, I aim at looking for positive antecedents of entrepreneurship and its positive consequences. The purpose of the paper is to formulate propositions for further empirical research.

Methodology/approach: I use literature review as a method to identify those of positive antecedents and consequences of entrepreneurship that were theoretically considered and/or empirically researched before. Findings: The propositions can be summed up in a preliminary conceptual framework. It draws attention to most plausible relationships within positive phenomena and entrepreneurship. Moreover, the exact nature of the type (possible mediations and moderations), direction and strength of relationships is a subject for further theoretical considerations and empirical investigations.

Implications/limitations: The paper opens a new area of the research that has not been explored before. Potentially, it will bring new understanding to the processes of entrepreneurship from positive perspective. Originality/value: Some of the relationships presented in the paper have not been researched yet. The main value of the paper is taking the next step in uncovering the positive antecedents and consequences of entrepreneurship. 


positive organizational scholarship; entrepreneurship; well-being; work-life balance; psychological capital

Full Text:



Aldwin, C. M., Revenson, T. A. (1987), “Does coping help? A re-examination of the relation between coping and mental health”, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 53 No. 2, pp. 337-348.

Baron, R. A. (2007), “Behavioral and cognitive factors in entrepreneurship: entrepreneurs as the active element in new venture creation”, Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, Vol. 1 No. 1-2, pp. 167-182. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/sej.12

Baron, R. A. (2008), “The role of affect in the entrepreneurial process”, Academy of Management Review, Vol. 33 No. 2, pp. 328-340. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5465/AMR.2008.31193166

Benz, M., Frey, B. (2008), “Being independent is a great thing: Subjective evaluations of self-employment and hierarchy”, Economica, Vol. 75 No. 298, pp. 362-383. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-0335.2007.00594.x

Binder, M., Coad, A. (2013), “Life satisfaction and self-employment: a matching approach”, Small Business Economics, Vol. 40 No. 4, pp. 1009-1033. DOI: http:// dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11187-011-9413-9

Birley, S., Westhead, P. (2004), “A taxonomy of business start-up reasons and their impact on firm growth and size”, Journal of Business Venturing, Vol. 9 No. 1, pp. 7-31. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0883-9026(94)90024-8

Biron, C., Cooper, C. L., Gibbs, P. (2012), “Stress interventions versus positive interventions”, in: Cameron, K. S., Spreitzer, G. M. (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of positive organizational scholarship, Oxford University Press, Oxford/New York, pp. 938-950.

Block, J., Koellinger, P. (2009), “I can’t get no satisfaction – necessity entrepreneurship and procedural utility”, Kyklos, Vol. 62 No. 2, pp. 191-209.

Carter, S. (2010), “The rewards of entrepreneurship: exploring the incomes, wealth, and economic well-being of entrepreneurial households”, Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice, Vol. 34 No. 1, pp. 39-55.

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1996), Creativity: Flow and the psychology of discovery and invention, Harper/Collins, New York.

Frey, B., Benz, M., Stutzer, A. (2004), “Introducing procedural utility: not only what, but also how matters”, Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics, Vol. 160 No. 3, pp. 377-401. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1628/0932456041960560

Greenhaus, J. H., Parasuraman, S., Granrose, C. S., Rabinowitz, S., Beutell, N. J. (1989), “Sources of work-family conflict among two-career couples”, Journal of Vocational Behavior, Vol. 34 No. 2, pp. 133-153. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0001-8791(89)90010-9

Hackman, J. R., Lawler, E. E. (1971), “Employee reactions to job characteristics”, Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 55 No. 3, pp. 259-286. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0031152

Hackman, J. R., Oldham, G. R. (1975), “Development of the Job Diagnostic Survey”, Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 60 No. 2, pp. 159-170. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0076546

Karasek, R. A. (1979), “Job demands, job decision latitude, and mental strain: Implications for job redesign”, Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 24 No. 2, pp. 285-308. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2392498

Koellinger, P., Minniti, M., Schade, C. (2007), “I think I can, I think I can: Overconfidence and entrepreneurial behavior”, Journal of Economic Psychology, Vol. 28 No. 4, pp. 502-527. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.joep.2006.11.002

Loscocco, K. A., Leicht, K. T. (1993), “Gender, work-family linkages and the economic success of small business owners”, Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 55 No. 4, pp. 875-887. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/352769

Loscocco, K. A. (1997), “Work-family linkages among self-employed women and men”, Journal of Vocational Behavior, Vol. 50 No. 2, pp. 204-226. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jvbe.1996.1576

Luthans, F., Youssef, C. M., Avolio, B. J. (2007), Psychological capital: Developing the human competitive edge, Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Miller, R. A., Collier, E. W. (2010), “Redefining entrepreneurship: A virtues and values perspective”, Journal of Leadership, Accountability and Ethics, Vol. 8 No. 2, pp. 80-89.

Palmer, M. (1971), “The application of psychological testing to entrepreneurial potential”, California Management Review, Vol. 13 No. 3, pp. 32-38. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/41164291

Paoli, P., Merllie, D. (2001), Third European survey on working conditions 2000, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities, Luxembourg.

Parasuraman, S., Simmers, C. A. (2001), “Type of employment, work-family conflict and well-being: a comparative study”, Journal of Organizational Behavior, Vol. 22 No. 5, pp. 551-568. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/job.102

Quinn, R. W. (2002), “Flow in knowledge work: High performance experience in the design of national security technology”, Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 50 No. 4, pp. 610-641.

Rokeach, M. (1973), The Nature of human values, The Free Press, New York.

Sankelo, M., Åkerblad, N. (2009), “Nurse entrepreneurs’ well-being at work and associated factors”, Journal of Clinical Nursing, Vol. 18 No. 22, pp. 3190-3199.

Schjoedt, L. (2009), “Entrepreneurial job characteristics: An examination of their effects on entrepreneurial satisfaction”, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Vol. 33 No. 3, pp. 619-644. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6520.2009.00319.x

Shein, M. L., Crous, F., Schepers, J. M. (2010), “Positive states in relation to entrepreneurship orientation”, SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, Vol. 36 No. 2, pp. 39-48. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/sajip.v36i2.931

Shepherd, D., Haynie, J. M. (2009), “Birds of a feather don’t always flock together: identity management in entrepreneurship”, Journal of Business Venturing, Vol. 24 No. 4, pp. 316-337. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2007.10.005

Sims, H. P., Szilagyi, A. E. (1976), “Job characteristic relationships: Individual and structural moderators”, Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, Vol. 17 No. 2, pp. 211-230. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0030-5073(76)90063-5

Stephan, U., Roesler, U. (2010), “Health of entrepreneurs versus employees in a national representative sample”, Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, Vol. 83 No. 3, pp. 717-738. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1348/096317909X472067

Uy, A. O. O. (2011), “What motivates entrepreneurs? A study of the value systems of Filipino entrepreneur”, International Journal of Entrepreneurship, Vol. 15, pp. 73-97.

Uy, M. A., Foo, M. D., Song, Z. (2013), “Joint effects of prior start-up experience and coping strategies on entrepreneurs’ psychological well-being”, Journal of Business Venturing, Vol. 28, pp. 583-597.

Vallerand, R. J., Blanchard, C., Mageau, G. A. (2003), “Les passions de l’ame: on obsessive and harmonious passion”, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 85 No. 4, pp. 756-767. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.85.4.756

Vallerand, R. J., Paquet, Y., Philippe F. L., Charest J. (2010), “On the role of passion for work in burnout: A process model”, Journal of Personality, Vol. 78 No. 1, pp. 289-312. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6494.2009.00616.x

Wall, T. D., Clegg, C. W., Jackson, P. R. (1979), “An evaluation of the job characteristics model”, Journal of Occupational Psychology, Vol. 51 No. 2, pp. 183-196. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8325.1978.tb00413.x

Warr, P., Cook, J., Wall, T. (1979), “Scales for the measurement of some work attitudes and aspects of psychological well-being”, Journal of Occupational Psychology, Vol. 52 No. 2, pp. 129-148. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.2044-8325.1979.tb00448.x

Zbierowski, P. (2014), “Well-being of entrepreneurs – international comparison based on GEM data”, Journal of Positive Management, Vol. 5 No. 4, pp. 89-100. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/JPM.2014.026

Zhang, P., Wang, D. D., Owen, C. L. (2015), “A study of entrepreneurial intention of university students”, Entrepreneurial Resources Journal, Vol. 5 No. 1, pp. 61-82. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/erj-2014-0004

Ziyae, B., Mobaraki, M. H., Saeediyoun, M. (2015), “The effect of psychological capital on innovation in information technology”, Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, Vol. 5 No. 1, pp. 1-8. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40497-015-0024-9

Action funded by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education under the contract number 916/P-DUN/2019 by funds dedicated to dissemination of research findings. Preparing for publication papers in English and employing reviewers affiliated in research institutions abroad in 8 issues of the Journal of Positive Management in 2019-2020: Vol. 10, No. 1-4, Vol. 11, No. 1-4.

Partnerzy platformy czasopism