Robert Matusiak



Purpose: The paper focus specifically on the impact of FDI and its contribution to the effectiveness of spending, a review of literature has revealed many attempts to evaluate the determinants of spending (i.e., education, health, and R&D). This study offers a modern approach to FDI and investigates the causal relationship between FDI and social effect in the Central and Eastern Europe.
Methodology: The study uses panel var for the period 2004-2015, and adopts a panel Granger causality analysis developed by Dumitrescu and Hurlin (2012) to assess the contribution FDI makes to social effect. The data were analysed with the use of R- Cran 3.5.1 (library: panelvar, plm).
Implications: Modelling these circumstances may be a potential direction for future studies aimed at investigating the causality between FDI and social effect in the CEE.


foreign direct investment; social effect; dynamic panel; panel causality; Central and Eastern Europe

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Action funded by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education under the contract number 916/P-DUN/2019 by funds dedicated to dissemination of research findings. Preparing for publication papers in English and employing reviewers affiliated in research institutions abroad in 8 issues of the Journal of Positive Management in 2019-2020: Vol. 10, No. 1-4, Vol. 11, No. 1-4.

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