Falls among the elderly

Weronika Topka, Małgorzata Maria Kwiatkowska, Natalia Skierkowska, Monika Prylińska, Wiktoria Gajos

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/JEHS.2020.10.09.073


Falls are a significant problem among the elderly. Every third person falls at least once a year. Falls lead to injuries, limiting the mobility of the elderly. As a result of falls, serious fractures occur, which cause hospitalization and are the main cause of death due to accidents. The causes of falls are complex and most often arise from several overlapping factors. Efforts should be made to eliminate external factors in order to minimize the risk of falling among people over 60 years of age. Daily physical activity, individual assessment of risk factors and optimal adaptation of the environment play an important role in preventing falls. The aim of the study was to discuss the problem of falls in the population of geriatric patients.


falls, the elderly; prevention; causes of falls

Full Text:



Pollock M.L., Gaesper G.A., Butchor J.D., Despres J-P., Dishman R.K., Franklin B., Garber C.E., ACSM Position Stand on The Recommended Quantity and Quality of Exercise for Developing and Maintaining Cardiorespiratory and Muscular Fitness, and Flexibility in Adults. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 1998, Vol. 30, No. 6, pp. 975–991.

Edbom-Kolarz A., Marcinkowski J.T., Upadki osób starszych-przyczyny, następstwa, profilaktyka. Hygeia Public Health 2011, 46(3): 313-318.

Skalska A., Wizner B., Klich-Rączka A., Piotrowicz K., Grodzicki T. Upadki i ich następstwa w populacji osób starszych w Polsce. Złamania bliższego końca kości udowej i endoprotezo plastyka stawów biodrowych, [w:] Mossakowska M., Więcek A., Błędowski P. (red.) Aspekty medyczne, psychologiczne, socjologiczne i ekonomiczne starzenia się ludzi w Polsce, Termedia Wydawnictwa Medyczne, Poznań 2012, 275-294.

Sousa L. M., Marques-Vieira C.M., Caldevilla M.N., Severino S.S., Caldeira S.M. Risk for Falls among community-dwelling older people: systematic literature review. Rev Gaucha Enferm. 2017, 23;37(4).

https://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0018/74700/E82552.pdf, dostęp 14.09.2020.

Cohen D., Morrison A., Intervensions for Preventing Falls Among Older Adults Living In the Community. Am Fam Physician. 2017 Feb 1;95(3):152-153.

Aranda-Gallardo M., Morales-Asencio J.M., de Luna-Rodriguez M.E., Vazquez-Blanco M.J., Morilla-Herrera J.C., Rivas-Ruiz F., Toribio-Montero J., Canca-Sanchez J. C., Characteristiccs, consequences and prevention of falls in institutionalized older adults in the province of Malaga (Spain): a prospective, cohort, multicentre study. BMJ Open 2018, 8(2), 8-13.

Wojszel Z.B., Bień B. Wielkie problemy geriatryczne-rola zespołu terapeutycznego w opiece nad pacjentem, [w:] Muszalik M., Kędziora-Kornatowska K. (red.), Pielęgnowanie pacjentów w starszym wieku, Wydawnictwo PZWL, Warszawa 2018, 177-194.

Berry S. D., Miller R. Falls: epidemiology, pathophysiology, and relationship to fracture. Curr Osteoporos Rep. 2008, 6(4), 149-54.

Gryglewska B., Zawroty głowy i upadki u osób w starszym wieku - wybrane zagadnienia praktyczne. Aktualn Neurol 2018, 18(1), 40-46.

Castaldo A., Giodano A., Incalzi R.A., Lusignani M. Risk factors associated with occidental Falls among Italian nursing Home residents: A longitudinal study (FRAILS). Geriatric Nursing 2020, 41 (2), 75-80.

Wojsszel B., Bień B., Przydatek M. Wielkie problemy geriatryczne: II Upadki. Medycyna Rodzinna 2/2001, 83-86.

Borowicz A. M., Pawlaczyk M., Korzeniowska K. Zjawisko wielolekowości a ryzyko upadków u osób starszych mieszkających w Domach Pomocy Społecznej – badanie pilotażowe. Farmacja Współczesna 2014, 7, 3-8.

Kendrick D, Kumar A, Carpenter H, et al. Exercise for reducing fear of falling in older people living in the community. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014;(11):CD009848.

Wiśniewski M., Kulesza A., Niemczyk M. Aktywność fizyczna w prewencji upadków u osób starszych. Gerontol Pol. 2018, 26, 140-146.

Sherrington C., Tiedemann A., Fairhall N., Close J.G.T., Lord S.R. Exercise to prevent falls in older adults: an update meta-analysis and best practice recommendations. NSW Public Health Bulletin., 22 (2011), pp. 78-83.

Clemenson L., Fiatarone M.A., Bundy A., Gumming R.G., Manollaras K., O’Loughlin P., et al. Integration of balance and strength training into life activity to reduce rate of falls in older people (the LIFE study): BMJ. (2012), p. 345.

Ejsmont P.A., Cybulski M., Hrynkiewicz A., Krajewska-Kułak E. Analiza przyczyn, częstotliwości oraz profilaktyki upadków wśród mieszkańców Białegostoku. Gerontol Pol. 2019, 27, 132-143.

Article Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Metrics powered by PLOS ALM

Journal of Education, Health and Sport formerly Journal of Health Sciences

Declaration on the original version.

Editors indicates that the main version of the magazine is to issue a "electronic".

The journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher Education parametric evaluation. § 8. 2) and § 12. 1. 2) 22.02.2019.

1223 Journal of Education, Health and Sport eISSN 2391-8306 7

ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

Archives 2011 - 2014

PBN 2011 - 2014


POL-index 2011 - 2014


BASE 2011 - 2014




Indexed in Bases, Bazy indeksacyjne: ERIH Plus, Worldcat, PBN/POL-Index, ICI Journals Master List, Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), ZBD, Ulrich's periodicals, Google Scholar, Polska Bibliografia Lekarska, EuroPub database, NLM Catalog Result - NCBI, BASE, Russian Sciences Index, Arianta.



US NLM = 101679844

101679844 - NLM Catalog Result - NCBI


Find a library that holds this journal: http://worldcat.org/issn/23918306


PBN Poland






Redaction, Publisher and Editorial Office

Publisher and Editorial Office
Department of Physical Culture,
Faculty of Earth Sciences and Spatial Management,
Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Poland
Address: Str. Lwowska 1, 87-100 Toruń, Poland

  Open Access ISSN 2391-8306 formerly ISSN: 1429-9623 / 2300-665X

The journal has been approved for inclusion in ERIH PLUS.

The ERIH PLUS listing of the journal is available at https://dbh.nsd.uib.no/publiseringskanaler/erihplus/periodical/info?id=485984

Indexed in Index Copernicus Journals Master List.


ICV 2018 = 95.95 ICV 2017 = 91.30 ICV 2016 = 84.69 ICV 2015 = 93.34 ICV 2014 = 89.51 Standardized Value: 8.27 ICV 2013: 7.32 ICV 2012: 6.41 ICV 20115.48

RG Journal Impact: 0.18 *

*This value is calculated using ResearchGate data and is based on average citation counts from work published in this journal. The data used in the calculation may not be exhaustive.

RG Journal impact history

2020Available summer 2021
2018 / 20190.18

RG Journal impact over time

RG Journal impact

Indexed in Polish Scholarly Bibliography (PBN) (PBN Polska Bibliografia Naukowa) (https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/journals/36616)

is a portal of the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education, collecting information on publications of Polish scientists and on Polish and foreign scholarly journals. Polish Scholarly Bibliograhpy is a part of POL-on - System of Information on Higher Education. It is operated by the Interdisciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw.

Indexed in Russian Sciences Index Российский индекс научного цитирования (РИНЦ) http://elibrary.ru/contents.asp?titleid=37467

Indexed in Arianta Polish scientific and professional electronic journals Aneta Drabek i Arkadiusz Pulikowski


Partnerzy platformy czasopism