Physical activity in gestational diabetes mellitus

Monika Kusz, Adam Alzubedi, Paulina Pawluczuk, Agnieszka Maślak, Paweł Polski

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/JEHS.2020.10.07.022

Abstract


Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), affecting approximately 4 %– 7 % of all pregnancies. Hyperglycaemia is associated with high risk of fetal malformations, macrosomia or hypoglycaemia after delivery.  GDM have an increased risk for hypertension and pre-eclampsia during pregnancy. Maintain a healthy body weight, appropriate diet, regular physical activity are very important part of lifestyle management during pregnancy.  Physical exercise during pregnancy reduce the risk of GDM, preeclampsia or excessive gestational weight. Moreover improve insulin sensitivity, maintain fasting and postprandial normoglycemia.


Keywords


diabetes mellitus; exercise; pregnancy; physical activity

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References


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