Przegląd wewnętrznych i regionalnych wyzwań stojących przed integralnością Libanu

Sanan Moradi, Piotr L. Wilczyński

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/HiP.2012.017

Abstrakt



Amongst the states were formed after the collapse of Ottoman Empire, Lebanon was a totally diff erent case. This region and its Christian and non-Sunni Muslim residents, was shelter for social, intellectual and even somewhat political independence inside the Ottoman Empire for a long time.

After the country’s independence, this demographic mixture with a slight Maronite Christian prominence has always been cause for rivalry, struggle, unrest and even civil war. This situation has even been intensified by regional and international agent’s interventions. In fact, Lebanon is a contrasting scene of local, regional and international policies and tendencies.

According to this, religious-sectarian schism in domestic aspect and Israel’s interventions in regional aspect are the most important challenges ahead for Lebanon’s integrity. In this paper, by using librarian method and analyzing available sources and studying the sequence of events, we have tried to consider this and ultimately, Lebanon’s future endurance as an independent political existence.

By considering the political history of Lebanon, it seems that religious-sectarian schism and Israel’s interventions are the most important challenges ahead for this country’s integrity. However Lebanon will maintain its political independence in the future.


Słowa kluczowe


Liban; konflikty wewnętrzne; konflikty zewnętrzne

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Bibliografia


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