Natalia Daśko



        Intellectual property rights, especially trademarks, played an important role in organization and promotion of the Olympic Games and commercial exploitation of sport. In fact, without granting intellectual property rights related to the Olympic Games there would be nothing to be exploited and nothing to commercialize as well as no income would be generated. If there were no financial returns the sport events would not look like this these days.

        As still growing part of economic value of sport is connected with intellectual property rights the protection of symbols and names related to the Olympic movement has become an important issue as it is essential for the proper functioning of the Olympic movement and efficient conducting of the next Olympic Games.

        One of the research issues is an attempt to answer the question if it was right to place by the Polish legislator the petty offence consisting in the unlawful use of the Olympic symbols in the act on sport, or if it should be placed in the Petty Offence Code or should only be protected within the regulation of the act on Industrial Property Right, acts on Suppression Unfair Competition or the act on Copyrights and Related rights.

        In Author’s opinion placing the discussed type of offence in the act on sport was the right solution. It seems so, due to the fact that the character of this offence corresponds to the specificity of the matter regulated by this act. Thus the criminal regulations of the act on sport form a consistent whole and they comprehensively regulate the given matter.

        Critical remarks can be made in relation to the quality of the discussed regulation. In the first place, a change in features of the infraction in question made as part of regulations of the act on sport, consisting of adding the phrase “for commercial purposes” should be assessed critically. In this scope de lege ferenda one should be in favour of coming back to the previous legal state, which did not differentiate the unlawful use of the Olympic symbols in respect of the purpose or form.

        In the article the following research methods were used: comparative method, the method of systemic analysis and the historical method. The research was based on prescriptive acts, comments and the Polish and foreign literature.


Olympic symbols; Olympic Games; Olympic movement; criminal law; free market economy; Industrial Property Law

Full Text:



Act of 18 January 1996 on the physical culture, Dz.U. 1996 No. 25 item 113.

Act of 25 June 2010 on sport, Dz.U. No. 127, item 857.

Act of 29 July 2005 on qualified sport, Dz. U. No. 155 item 1298.

Badura M. (et al.), Komentarz do art. 51 ustawy o sporcie, [in:] Ustawa o sporcie. Ko-mentarz, (01.01.2014).

Cajsel W., Ustawa o sporcie. Komentarz, (28.12.2013).

International Chamber of Commerce, Intellectual Property: Source of innovation, creativity, growth and progress, 2005.

International Olympic Committee, International Olympic Marketing Report Sochi 2014, Lausanne 2014.

International Olympic Committee, Olympic Charter, (02.01.2014).

Johson P., Ambush marketing and brand protection, New York, 2011.

Leciak M., Symbolika olimpijska jako przedmiot ochrony karnoprawnej, [in:] A. Błachnio-Parzych, J. Jakubowska-Hara, J. Kosonoga, H. Kuczyńska (ed.), Problemy wymiaru sprawiedliwości karnej. Księga jubileuszowa Profesora Jana Skupińskiego, Wolters Kluwer, Warszawa 2013.

London Olympic Games and Paraolympic Games Act 2006, (27.12.2013).

Nafziger J.A.R., Ross S.F., Handbook on International Sports Law, Edward Elgar Pub-lishing, Cheltenham 2011.

Skubisz R., Znaki towarowe – ewolucja przedmiotu ochrony prawnej, PPH, Grudzień 2008.

Szymczak M. (red.), Słownik Języka Polskiego PWN, Warszawa 1995.

Torremans P., Holyoak & Torremans Intellectual Property Law, New York 2010.

Tritton G., Intellectual Property in Europe, Sweet & Maxwell, London 2002.

Winner E.P., Denberg A.W., International Trademark Treaties with Commentary, Oceana Publications Inc, Dobbs Ferry, New York 2004.

World Intellectual Property Organization, Treaty of Nairobi on protection of the Olym-pic symbol, (01.01.2014)., Kto zarobi na igrzyskach w Soczi? Głównie MKOl, (02.03.2014).

Zalewska A., Citius – Altius – Fortius, czyli szybciej – wyżej – silniej, (02.03.2014).

ISSN 1898-2255 (print)
ISSN 2392-1625 (online)

Partnerzy platformy czasopism