RESTITUTION, COMPENSATION OR INVESTMENT? – THE REPRIVATIZATION OF THE GERMAN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC ASSETS

Anna Falkowska

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/EiP.2011.017

Abstract


The article illustrates a process of property`s restitution within the boundaries of the former GDR. It presents the initial arrangements in this regard between the two German states, concluded in Joint Declaration and Unification Treaty, which provided an obligation to return assets expropriated by the state to its rightful owners or their heirs. This principle of restitution was subsequently developed in the Property Law of 1990. In order to stimulate investment further legislation, however, introduced exceptions to this rule, giving finally priority to investors over former owners rights. The aim of this article is to draw a conclusion from German experiences and to find clues for the regulation of still unresolved restitution issues in Poland.


Full Text:

PDF (Polish)

References


Elling M.E., Privatization in Germany: A Model For Legal and Functional Analysis, Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 1992, vol. 25, Issue 4.

Fieberg G., Reichenbach H., Einführung, w: Vermögengesetz, München 2001, s. XI-XXXI.

Försterling W., Rechts der offenen Vermögensfragen, München 1993.

Frank R., Privatization In Eastern Germany: A Comprehensive Study, Vanderbilt Journal of Transnational Law 1994, vol. 27.

Frege C.M., Social Partnership at Work. Workplace relations in post-unification Germany, London-New York 1999.

Gemmeke P., Entschädigungs- und Ausgleichsleistungsgesetz, Baden-Baden 1995.

Götz M., Niemcy w przededniu 20 rocznicy zjednoczenia – wciąż różnice?, Biuletyn Instytutu Zachodniego 2009, nr 28.

Heller R., Quandt O., Sannwald R., Entschädigung- und Ausgleichsleistungsgesetz (EALG). Kommentar, Köln-Berlin-Bonn-München 1995.

Horn N., Das Zweite Vermögensrechtsänderungsgesetz und die Verfügbarkeit von Grundeigentum im neuen Bundesgebiet, Deutsche Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 1992, Nr. 8.

Jesch V., Ley N., Racky K., Winterstein I., Kuhn B., Investitionsvorrangsgesetz. Kommentar, Berlin-New York 1993.

Leo H., § 3a Vermögens¬ge¬setz – Vor¬fahrt für In¬ve¬sti¬tio¬nen?, Der Betrieb, 19 lipca 1991 r., Heft 29.

Mostert H., Lost Information and Competing Interests In Restoring Germany`s Dispossessed Property – The Recent Decision of the German Federal Administrative Court, German Law Journal 2004, vol. 1.

Neubauer R., Wege aus der Krise-Wundern dauern länger, Die Zeit, 2 kwietnia 1993 r.

Randelzhofer A., Tomuschat C., State Responsibility and the Individual. Reparation in Instances of Grave Violations of Human Rights, Cambridge 1999.

Rodenbach H.J., Löffler O., Entschädigungen und Ausgleichsleistungen für Vermögensverluste in ehemaligen DDR und der SBZ, Berlin 1995.

Schäuble W., Der Vertrag. Wie ich über die deutsche Einheit verhandelte, Stuttgart 1991.

Schmidt H., Uns Deutsche kann der Teufel holen, Die Zeit, 24 maja 1991.

Southern D., Restitution or compensation: The open property question, German Politics 1993, vol. 2, Issue 3.

Southern D., Restitution or Compensation: The Property Question, w: N.J. Kritz (red.), Transitional Justice, Washington 1995, s. 644 i n.

Stack H. M., The ”Colonization” of East Germany?: A Comparative Analysis of German Privatization, Duke Law Journal 1997, vol. 46.

Tucker-Mohl J., Property Rights and Transitional Justice: Restitution In Hungary and East Germany, http://ocw.mit.edu/courses/urban-studies-and-planning/11-467j-property-rights-in-transition-spring-2005/ projects/jtuckermohlfinal.pdf.

Vitzthum W.G., März W., Restitutionsausschluss, Berlin 1994.

Załęczna M., Odzyskanie utraconego mienia, Nieruchomości 1998, nr 2.

Zimmermann P., Das neue Entschädigungs- und Ausgleichsleistungsgesetz – EALG, München 1995.








ISSN 1898-2255 (print)
ISSN 2392-1625 (online)

Partnerzy platformy czasopism