Biological invasions in the aquatic ecosystems of Europe as a threat to biodiversity

Katarzyna Wołczuk, Michał Mięsikowski, Karolina Jarzynka, Bogdana Wilczyńska



In recent years biological invasions have become a serious ecological and socio-economic problem for many countries. Invasions are promoted by anthropogenic activity which is broadly understood as well as the instability of ecosystems. It carries a number of threats, often difficult to predict. The effects of invasion are long-term and occur on many levels of life. They can very often contribute to the extinction of native species, thus reducing biodiversity. According to the concept of sustainable development, the protection of biodiversity, and thus the prevention of biological invasions, is a necessary condition both to maintain the variety of nature, and to further the economic development of each country.


invasive species; alien species; introduction; spread

Full Text:



Albins, M. A. & Hixon M. A., 2008, Invasive Indo-Pacific lionfish Pterois volitans reduce recruitment of Atlantic coral-reef fishes, Marine Ecology Progress Series 367: 233-238.

Ayres D. R., Smith D. L., Zaremba K., Klohr S. & Strong D. R., 2004, Spread of exotic cordgrasses and hybrids (Spartina sp.) in the tidal marshes of San Francisco Bay, California, USA, Biological Invasions 6: 221-231.

Barel, C. D. N., Dorit R., Greenwood P. H., Fryer G., Hughes N., Jackson P. B. W., Kawanabe H. & Lowe- McConnell R. H., 1985, Destruction of fisheries in Africa’s Lakes, Nature 315: 19-20.

Bartholomew J. L. & Reno P. W., 2002, The history and dissemination of whirling disease, [in:] J. L. Bartholomew, J. C. Wilson (eds.), Whirling disease: reviews and current topics, American Fisheries Society, Bethesda: 3-24.

Bącela K., Grabowski M. & Konopacka A., 2008, Dikerogammarusvillosus (Sowinsky, 1894) (Crustacea, Amphipoda) enters Vistula - the biggest river in the Baltic basin, Aquatic Invasion 3 (1): 95-98.

Bij de Vaate A., Jażdżewski K., Ketelaars S., Gollasch S. & Van der Velde G., 2002, Geographical patterns in range extension of Ponto-Caspian macroinvertebrate species in Europe. Perspective, Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 59: 1159-1174.

Baskin Y., 2002, a plague of rats and rubbervines, Island Press, Shearwater Books, Washington, London.

Bwanika G. N., Chapman L. J., Kizito Y. & Balirwa J., 2006, Cascading effects of introduced Nile perch (Latesniloticus) on the foraging ecology of Nile tilapia (Oreochromisniloticus), Ecology of Freshwater Fish 15: 470-481.

Carlton J. T., 2000, Global change and biological invasions in the oceans, [in:] H. A. Mooney, R. J. Hobbs (eds.), Invasive species in a changing world, Island Press, Washington, USA: 31-53.

Choi D. W. & Hwang J. T., 1980, Epidemiological study of Paragonimus westermani in Wiseong County, Kyungpook Province, Korea, Korean Journal of Parasitology 18 (2): 229-234.

Corkum L. D., Sapota M. R. & Skóra K. E., 2004, The round goby, Neogobius melanostomus, a fish invader on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean, Biological Invasions 6: 173-181.

Craig J. F., 1991, Human-induced ges in the composition of fish communities in the African Great Lakes, Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 2: 93-124.

Dobson A. & Foufopoulos J., 2001, Emerging infectious pathogens of wildlife, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society London B 356: 1001-1012.

Galil B. S., Nehring S. & Panov V., 2007, Waterways as invasion highways - Impact of climate change and globalization, Ecological Studies, Springer Verlag 193: 59-74.

Gherardi F., 2006, Crayfish invading Europe: the case study of Procambarus clarkii, Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology 39 (3): 175-191.

Gozlan R. E., St-Hilaire S., Feist S. W., Martin P. & Kent M. L., 2005, Disease threat to European fish, Nature 435: 1046.

Grabowski M., Jażdżewski K. & Konopacka A., 2007, Alien Crustacea in Polish waters - Amphipoda, Aquatic Invasion 2 (1): 25-38.

Grabowska J., Witkowski A. & Kotusz J., 2008, Inwazyjne gatunki ryb w polskich wodach - zagrożenie dla rodzimej ichtiofauny [Invasive fish species in Polish waters - the threat to native ichthyofauna], Użytkownik rybacki - Nowa rzeczywistość, PZW: 90-96.

Gruszka P., 1999, The River Odra Estuary as a Gateway for Alien Species Immigration to the Baltic Sea Basin, Acta Hydrochimica et Hydrobiologica 27: 374-382.

Holdich D. M., 2000, The introduction of alien crayfish species into Britain for commercial exploitation - an own goal? Crustacean Issues 12: 85-97.

Jażdżewski K., Konopacka A. & Grabowski M., 2002, Four Ponto-Caspian and one American gammarid species (Crustacea, Amphipoda) recently invading Polish waters, Contributions to Zoology 71 (4): 115-122.

Jażdżewski K., Konopacka A. & Grabowski M., 2004, Recent drastic changes in the gammarid fauna (Crustacea, Amphipoda) of the Vistula River deltaic system in Poland caused by alien invaders, Division Distribution 10: 81-87.

Johnsen B. O. & Jensen A., 1991, The Gyrodactylus story in Norway, Aquaculture 98: 289-302.

Ketelaars H. A. M., 2004, Range extensions of Ponto-Caspian aquatic invertebrates in continental Europe, [in:] H. J. Dumont, T. A. Shiganova, U. Niermann (eds.), Aquatic Invasions in the Black, Caspian, and Mediterranean Seas, Kluwer Academic Publishers: 209-236.

Konopacka A., 2004, Inwazyjne skorupiaki obunogie (Crustacea, Amphipoda) w wodach Polski [Invasive amphipods (Crustacea, Amphipoda) in Polish waters], Przegląd Zoologiczny 48: 141-162.

Partnerzy platformy czasopism