Major challenges and issues related to wildlife management in Kanha National Park, India

Vivek K. Panwar, Pradeep Chaudhry



Kanha National Park (KNP) is regarded as one of the oldest and finest wildlife protected areas in India. Though tiger density in Kanha Tiger reserve is highest in comparison to most of other tiger reserves of the country e.g. Tadoba, Melghat, Panna, Pench and Ranthambore tiger reserves, yet Kanha National Park/Tiger reserve is more known for Hard ground Barasingha conservation. Kanha National Park is one of the finest protected area in India but the mentioned problems in the paper can no more be ignored. No doubt park authorities have done very well in management and growth of endangered species but now new challenges have emerged. Improvements can only be done if we know about the list of problems. In the present article, we have discussed the various challenges in wildlife conservation in Kanha National Park like herbivores population, grassland management, poaching, fencing, corridor development activities etc. Significant successes and notable failures on the part of park administration have been discussed.


Grassland; Barasingha; Ungulates; Protection camps; Poaching; Forest Corridor Development; Human wildlife Conflict; Development committees; Endangered Species; Non Timber Forest Products; Protected Area

Full Text:



Ahmed R.A., Prusty K., Jena J., Dave C., Das S.K.R., Sahu H.K. & Rout S.D., 2012, Prevailing human carnivore conflict in Kanha-Achanakmar corridor, Central India. World Journal of Zoology 7(2): 158-164.

Bruner A.G., Gullison R.E. & Balmford A., 2004, Financial costs and shortfalls of managing and expanding protected area systems in developing countries. BioScience 54(12): 1119-1126.

Champion H.G. & Seth S.K., 1968, A Revised Survey of Forest Types of India. Manager Publication, New Delhi, India.

Chhotani O.B., 1977, Termites of Kanha National Park, Madhya Pradesh, India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 72: 367-378.

Daniel J.C., 1991, Ungulate conservation in India - problems and prospects. Applied animal behavior science 29(1-4): 349-359.

Gordan I.J., Hester A.J. & Festa-Bianchet M., 2004, The management of wild large herbivores to meet economic, conservation and environmental objectives. Journal of Applied Ecology 41: 1021-1031. (

Guha R., 1997, The Authoritarian Biologist and the arrogance of anti-humanism conservation: Wildlife conservation in the third world. The Ecologist 27(1): 14-20.

Jha K.K. & Chaudhry P., 2018, Unravelling the Complexity of Protected Area Management in Two Developing Countries: Issues of Human Displacement and Wildlife Conflict, [in:] Martin O'Neal Campbell (ed.), Geomatics and Consrvation Biology. Nova Science Publishers, New York, USA.

Karanth K.U., Nicholas J.D., Kumar N.S., Link W.A. & Hines J.E., 2004, Tigers and their prey: Predicting carnivore densities from prey abundance. PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the U S of America) 101(14): 4854-4858.

Karanth K.K., Naughton-Treves L., Defries R. GopalaswamyA.M., 2013, Living with wildlife and mitigating conflicts around three Indian protected areas. Environmental Managemen 52(6):1320-1332. (doi: 10.1007/s00267-013-0162-1).

Martin C., 1977, Status and ecology of the barasingha (Cervus duvauceli branderi) in Kanha National Park (India). Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 74: 60–132.

Menon A. & Rai N.D., 2017, Putting a price on Tiger reserves. Creating conservation value or green grabbing? Economic and Political Weekly 52(52): 23-26.

Moe S.R., 1994, The importance of aquatic vegetation for the management of the Barasingha (Cervus duvaucelii) in Nepal. Biological Conservation 70(1): 33–37.

Pokharel C.P., 1996, Food habit and habitat utilization of swamp deer (Cervus duvauceli duvauceli) in Royal Bardia National Park, Nepal. M.S. thesis, Tribhuvan University, Kirtipur, Nepal.

Prakash R., Nayak K., Pandey R.K., Shukla R., Homkar U., Saini S.K., Jain R., Haldkar V., Nema S., Deshmukh S., Thakre R. & Koshta A., 2012, Habitat Viability Analysis for the Proposed Reintroduction Site for the Hard-ground Barasingha (Cervus duvauceli branderi) in the Bori Wildlife Sanctuary, Satpura Tiger Reserve (Madhya Pradesh). Report by State Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur (M.P.), India.

Qureshi Q., Sawarkar V.B. & Mathur P.K., 1995, Ecology and management of swamp deer (Cervus duvauceli) in Dudhwa Tiger Reserve, U.P (India). Project Report, Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, India.

Rathore C.S., Dubey Y., Shrivastava A., Pathak P. & Patil V., 2012,Opportunities of Habitat Connectivity for Tiger (Pantheratigris) between Kanha and Pench National Parks in Madhya Pradesh, India. PLoS ONE 7(7): e39996. (

Schaaf C.D., 1978, Population size and structure and habitat relation of the swamp deer (Cervus duvauceli duvauceli) in Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve, Nepal. Ph.D. thesis, Michigan State University, East Lansing, USA.

Schaller G.B., 1967, The Deer and the Tiger. Chicago University Press, Chicago, Ill, USA.

Singh C.P., Chauhan J.S., Parihar R.P. & Shukla R., 2015, Using environmental niche modelling to find suitable habitats for the Hardground Barasingha in M P, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(11): 7761-7769.

Singh V.P., 1984, Bio-ecological studies on Cervus duvaucelii duvaucelii, swamp deer (barasingha) in Dudhwa forest near Indo-Nepal border. Ph.D. thesis, D.A.V. College, Kanpur University, India.

Tewari R. & Rawat G.S., 2013, Studies on the food and feeding habits of Swamp deer (Rucervus duvaucelii duvaucelii) in Jhilmil Jheel conservation reserve, Haridwar, Uttrakhand, India. ISRN Zoology, Hindawi Publishing Corporation. (

Thakur S., 2011, A note on snakes of Kanha National Park and surrounding areas. REPTILE RAP # 11: 02-05.

Verma M., Negandhi D., Khanna C., Edgaonkar A., David A., Kadekodi G., Costanza R., Gopal R., Bonal B.S., Yadav S.P. & Kumar, S., 2017, Making the hidden visible: Economic valuation of tiger reserves in India. Ecosystem Services 26: 236-244.

Partnerzy platformy czasopism