Vermicomposting of terrestrial weeds Lantana camara L. and Parthenium hysterophorus L.: agriculture solid waste

Chander Kumar Singh, Anand Kumar

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/EQ.2017.040

Abstract


The objective of this study was to determine the feasibility of vermicomposting of two noxious terrestrial weeds Lantana camara L. and Parthenium hysterophorus L. A plastic crate was used to design a compost pit and both weeds were mixed in the 1:1 ratio. Five different concentrations of weed mixture and cow dung were prepared and Eisenia fetida (Savigny, 1826) was used for vermicomposting. Physicochemical parameters of samples were analysed after 45, 60 and 90 days. Several physicochemical characteristics, important in terms of fertility, were measured in all treatments. A decrease in pH, conductivity and total organic carbon was observed in all experimental pits during the 90-day cycle. An increase in the concentration of total nitrogen, potassium, sodium, and phosphorus was also observed. The results indicated that Parthenium and Lantana can be used as raw material along with cow dung for vermicomposting.


Keywords


Parthenium hysterophorus; Lantana camara; Eisenia fetida; vermicomposting; nutrients

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akter A. & Zuberi M.I., 2009, Invasive alien species in Northern Bangladesh: identification, inventory and impacts. International Journal of Biodiversity and Conservation 15: 129–134.

APHA, 1998, Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Waste Water, 20th Edition. American Public Health Association, Washington DC.

Bremner J.M. & Mulvaney C.S., 1982, Nitrogen-Total, [in:] Methods of Soil Analysis, 2nd Edition, A.L. Page, R.H. Miller, D.R. Keeney (eds). Agronomy Monograph. 9: 595–624.

Deshmukhe P.V., Hooli A.A. & Holihosur S.N., 2011, Effect of Lantana camara (L.) on growth, development and survival of tobacco caterpillar (Spodoptera litura Fabricius). Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Science 24: 137–139.

Elvira C., Sampedro L., Benitez E. & Nogales R., 1998, Vermicomposting of sludges from paper mill and dairy industries with Eisenia andrei: a pilot scale study. Bioresource Technology. 63: 205–211.

Ganesh P.S., Sanjeevi R., Gajalakshmi S., Ramasamy E.V.& Abbasi S.A., 2008, Recovery of methane-rich gas from solid-feed anaerobic digestion of ipomoea (Ipomoea carnea). Bioresource Technology 99: 812–818.

Garg V.K. & Gupta R., 2011, Optimization of cow dung spiked pre-consumer processing vegetable waste for vermicomposting using Eisenia fetida. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 74: 19–24.

Garg V.K. & Yadav A., 2011, Industrial wastes and sludges management by vermicomposting. Rev. Environ. Sci. Biotechnol. 10: 243–276.

Ghisalberti E.L., 2000, Review Lantana camara. Fitoterapia 71: 467–486.

Ghosh M., Chattopadhyay G.N. & Baral K., 1999, Transformation of phosphorus during vermicomposting. Bioresource Technology 69: 149–154.

Gupta R. & Garg V.K., 2008, Stabilization of primary sludge during vermicomposting. J. Hazard. Mater. 153(3): 1023–1030.

Kaur M., Aggarwal N.K. & Dhiman R., 2016, Antimicrobial activity of medicinal plant: Parthenium hysterophorus L. Research Journal of Medicinal Plants 10: 106–112.

Kaur M., Aggarwal N.K., Kumar V. & Dhiman R., 2014, Effects and management of Parthenium hysterophorus: a weed of global significance. Internatinal Scholarly Research Notices 2014: 1–12. (http://dx.doi. org/10.1155/2014/368643).

Kaur A., Singh J., Vig A.P., Dhaliwal S.S. & Rup P.J., 2010, Cocomposting with and without Eisenia fetida for conversion of toxic paper mill sludge to a soil conditioner. Bioresource Technology 101: 8192–8198.

Kaushik P. & Garg V.K., 2003, Vermicomposting of mixed solid textile mill sludge and cow dung with epigeic earthworm Eisenia foetida. Bioresource Technology 90: 311–316.

Kishor P., Maurya B.R. & Ghosh A.K., 2010, Use of uprooted Parthenium before flowering as compost: a way to reduce its hazards worldwide. International Journal of Soil Science 5: 73–81.

Lakshmi C. & Srinivas C.R., 2007, Parthenium: A wide angle view. Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology 73: 296–306.

Love A., Babu S. & Babu C.R., 2009, Management of Lantana, an invasive alien weed, in forest ecosystems of India. Current Science 97(10): 1421–1429.

Mello F.B., Jacobus D., Carvalho K. & Mello J.R., 2005, Effects of Lantana camara (Verbenaceae) on general reproductive performance and teratology in rats. Toxicon. 45(4): 459–466.

Misra L. & Laatsch H., 2000, Triterpenoids, essential oil and photo-oxidative 28 – 13-lactonization of oleanolic acid from Lantana camara. Phytochemistry 54: 969– 974.

Morin L., Reid A.M., Sims-Chilton N.M., Buckley Y.M., Dhileepan K., Hastwell G.T., Nordblom T.L. & Raghu S., 2009, Review of approaches to evaluate the effectiveness of weed biological control agents. Biological Control. 5: 1–15.

Nguyen T.L.T., Navie S.C & Adkins S.W., 2010, The effect of parthenium weeds (Parthenium hysterophorus L.) on plant diversity in pastures in Queensland, Australia, [in:] Proc.17th Australasian Weeds Conf., Christchurch, New Zeland - "New Frontiers in New Zealand: Together we can beat the weeds", S.M. Zydenbos (ed.). New Zealand Plant Protection Society, Auckland: 138.

Osunkoya O.O. & Perrett C., 2010, Lantana camara L. (Verbenaceae) invasion effects on soil physicochemical properties. Biol. Fertil. Soils. [DOI 10.1007/s00374010-0513-5].

Patel S., 2011, Harmful and beneficial aspects of Parthenium hysterophorus: an update. 3 Biotechnology 1(1): 1–9.

Reinhardt C.F., Belz R.G. & Hurle K., 2009, Role of the allelochemical parthenin in the invasive strategy of the alien plant Parthenium hysterophorus L. South African Journal of Chemistry 75: 417–418.

Sharma O.P., 1984, Review of the biochemical effects of Lantana camara toxicity. Veterinary and Human Toxicology 26: 488–493.

Sharma O.P., Makkar H.P.S. & Dawra R.K., 1988, A review of the noxious plant Lantana camara. Toxicon 26: 975–987.

Sharman. M., Persley D.M. & Thomas J.E., 2009, Distribution in Australia and seed transmission of Tobacco streak virus in (Parthenium hysterophorus L.). Plant Disease 93: 708–712.

Singh M.N. & Beck M.H., 2006, Parthenium contact sensitivity travels to the U.K. British Journal of Dermatology 155: 847-848. [DOI 10.1111/j.13652133.2006.07444.x].

Singh R.K. & Garg A., 2014, Parthenium hysterophorus L. – Neither noxious nor an obnoxious weed. Indian Forester 140: 1260-1262.

Sinha R.K., Valani D., Chouhan K. & Agarwal S., 2011, Embarking on a second green revolution for sustainable agriculture by vermiculture biotechnology using earthworms: Reviving the dreams of Sir Charles Darwin. Journal of Agricultural Biotechnology and Sustainable Development 2(7): 113–128.

Suthar S., 2009, Bioremediation of Agricultural Wastes through Vermicomposting. Bioremediation Journal 13(1): 21–28.

Yadav A. & Garg V.K., 2011, Vermicomposting - An effective tool for the management of invasive weed Parthenium hysterophours. Bioresource Technology 102: 5891–5895.




Partnerzy platformy czasopism