Implementation of sustainable development on the example of the concept of eco-city

Marcin Leźnicki, Aleksandra Lewandowska



The paper is to present the issue of implementation of sustainable development on the example of eco-city. It highlights the complexity and multi-faceted nature of the phenomenon and notion of eco-city within its different aspects. This issue is discussed in an interdisciplinary manner and combines humanistic and scientific approaches. Hence, the authors of the above text aimed to characterise sustainable development from the theoretical as well as practical perspective. Therefore this paper has two main objectives. The first objective is to analyze the concept of eco-city and guidelines for eco-city development based on the concept of sustainability. The second objective of the paper is to compare assumptions of the concept with contemporary eco-city projects. Whilst the former includes the vision, beginnings and development of eco-cities, the latter is based on the results of the analysis of 8 different eco-city projects.


eco-city; sustainable development; urban sustainable development; eco-urbanism; eco-architecture; eco-aesthetics; ecological infrastructure; industrial ecology

Full Text:



Böhme G., 2002, Filozofia i estetyka przyrody w dobie kryzysu środowiska naturalnego, [Philosophy and aesthetics of nature at the time of environmental], Wyd. Oficyna Naukowa, Warszawa.

Chee-Wong T., Goldblum C., Belinda J., 2010, Spatial Planning for a Sustainable Singapore, Springer, Singapore.

EcoBay, [Accessed 20.10.2013].

Ecocity Builders, 2002, guidelines-for-ecocity-development/ [Accessed 21.10.2013].

Ecocity Builders and the International Ecocity Standards advisory team, 2010, why-ecocities/the-solution/ecocity-definition/ [Accessed 21.10.2013].

Engwicht D., 1992, Towards an Eco-City: Calming the Traffic, Envirobook, Sydney.

Engwicht D., 1993, Reclaiming our Cities and Towns: Better Living with Less Traffic, New Society Publishers, Gabriola Island, BC.

Główny Urząd Statystyczny [Central Statistical Office], 2012, Miasta w liczbach [Cities in numbers], Warszawa.

Hammarby Sjöstad, [Accessed 20.10.2013].

Howard E., 1902, Garden City of To-Morrow, Faber and Faber, London.

Joss S., 2010, Eco-cities — a global survey 2009, WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, 129: 239-250.

Kline E., 2000, Planning and creating eco-cities: indicators as a tool for shaping development and measuring progress, Local Environment 5(3): 343-350.

Lane M., 2012, Eco-Republic: What the Ancients Can Teach Us about Ethics, Virtue, and Sustainable Living, Princeton University Press, Princeton-Oxford.

Lin C., Feng L. & Hua-Feng D., 2010, Harmonious Development between Urban Economy and Eco-environment in Huaibei City, China, Urban Environment & Urban Ecology 4: 6-8.

Logrono Montecorvo, [Accessed 19.10.2013].

Ma Q., 2009, Eco-City and eco-planning in China: taking an example for Caofeidian Eco-City, Proceedings of the 4th International Conference Forum on Urbanism, Amsterdam/Delf: 511-520.

Masdar City, [Accessed 22.10.2013].

Meadows D. D. & Randers J., 1992, Beyond the Limits: Confronting Global Collapse, Envisioning a Sustainable Future, Earthscan Publications, London.

Mierzejewska L., 2008, Zrównoważony rozwój miasta: aspekty planistyczne [Sustainable development of a city: Planning aspects], Biuletyn Instytutu Geografii Społeczno-Ekonomicznej i Gospodarki Przestrzennej Uniwersytetu im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu,

Seria Rozwój Regionalny i Polityka Regionalna [Bulletin of the Institute of Socio-Economic Geography and Spatial Management, the Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Series: Regional Development and Regional Policy] 5: 49-70.

Ming-Dao D., 1996, Everyday Tao: Living with Balance and Harmony, HarperOne, San Francisco, CA. Piertuszewski J. & Łodziak A., 2011, Uwarunkowania zewnętrzne – wspólnotowe oraz krajowe podstawy polityki miejskiej [External factors – the community and national basis of urban policy], Gdańsk, [Accessed 20.01.2013].

Register R., 1987, Ecocity Berkeley: building cities for a healthy future, North Atlantic Books, Berkeley, CA.

Roseland M., 1997, Dimensions of the eco-city, Cities 14(4): 197-202.

Sonoma Mountain Village, [Accessed 19.10.2013].

Solarek K., 2011, Współczesne koncepcje rozwoju miasta [Modern concepts of urban development], Kwartalnik Architektury i Urbanistyki [the Quarterly Journal of Architecture and Urban Planning] 56(4): 51-71.

Tianjin Eco-City, [Accessed 20.10.2013].

United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, 2012, World Urbanization Prospects The 2011 Revision, New York.

Wang L., Wu H. & Song H., 2002, A framework of integrating digital city and ecocity. School of Business, Hubei University, Wuhan, China.

Western Harbour, Bo01, [Accessed 19.10.2013].

White R. R., 2002, Building the Ecological City, Woodhead Publishing Ltd, Cambridge.

Word Commission on Environmental Development, 1987, Our Common Future, Oxford University Press, New York.

Xeritown, [Accessed 22.10.2013].

Yigitcanlar T., 2009, Ubiquitous eco-cities: a new sustainable city form? Paper presented at the Urban Design Seminar, Gold Coast City Council, Gold Coast, Australia.

Partnerzy platformy czasopism