Anastassia Havrysh



The paper is devoted to a consideration of the distinguishing characteristics of a city as a powerful actor within the international legal framework that has been formed over decades and centuries of world history. The development of cities, their economic growth and hierarchization of social structures has led towards the division of labor, the nature of urban leadership provoking political revolution, and the formation of city states as well as the mutual impact between a state and a city. Thereafter, the problem of their loss of autonomy and independence because of their inability to cope with problems of a transnational nature dominated by threats, and how demographic changes are dealt with are a vital part of this work.

Słowa kluczowe

international legal system; ancient city; settlement; city-state; historical perspective; industrial revolution; urbanization

Pełny tekst:

PDF (English)


Alger, C. F. (2014). The UN System and Cities in Global Governance. New York: Springer.

Blank, Y. (2006). The City and the World. Columbia Journal of International Law, 44(3), 875–939.

Boulding, K. (1968). The City as an Element in the International System. Daedalus, 97(4), 1111–1123.

Castells, M. (1993). European Cities, the Informational Society, and the Global Economy. Tijdschrift Voor Economische En Sociale Geografie, 84(4), 247–257.

Child, G. V. (1958). The Dawn of European Civilization. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Curtis, S. (2008). Global cities and the transformation of the International System [Doctoral thesis]. Retrieved from

Hansen, M. H. (2000). Introduction: the Concepts of City-State and of City-State Culture. In M. H. Hansen (Ed.), Comparative Study of Thirty City-state Cultures: An Investigation (pp. 11–34). Copenhagen: Kgl. Danske Videnskabernes Selskab.

Plujim, R., & Melissen, J. (2007). City Diplomacy: The Expanding Role of Cities in International Politics. Clingendael: Netherlands Institute of International Relations.

Soja, E. W. (1989). Postmodern Geographies: The Reassertion of Space in Critical Social Theory. London: Verso.

Taylor, P. J., & Derudder, B. (2004). World City Network. A Global Urban Analysis. Aingdon: Routledge.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Partnerzy platformy czasopism