THE IMPACT OF INTANGIBLE FACTORS ON PROFITABILITY: EVIDENCE FROM CORPORATIONS TRADED AT MUSCAT SECURITIES MARKET IN OMAN

Mike Onder Kaymaz, Ilker Yilmaz, Ozgur Kaymaz

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/CJFA.2019.007

Abstract


The objective of this paper is to determine whether corporate financial performance may be influenced from intangible assets owned by a company and some special incurring expenditures benefiting the intangible value of the company even though such items could also be technically expensed contrary to getting capitalized. Combining the intangibles reported on the corporate balance sheets with the expenditures such as R&D, staff and advertising expenses, a variable called Calculated Value of Intangible Factors (CVIF) is specifically generated and is examined as to whether intangibles alone might potentially have a significant effect on corporate profitability ratios, and if so to what extent. The sample consists of non-financial public companies traded at Muscat Securities Market in Oman and the sampling period covers the time window from 2013 until 2017. Two regressors are used to capture the effect of intangible factors; meaning CVIF and CVIF/Total Assets (CVIFTA) respectively, the latter of which is a relative measure. Four (4) profitability measures, namely Gross Profit Margin (GPM), EBIT Margin (EBITM), Net Profit Margin (NPM) and Return on Assets (ROA) are developed as proxies to indicate for corporate financial performance. Considering all the resulting eight (8) models each, panel data regression analyses are performed separately to specifically document the linkage between corporate intangibles and corporate financial performance. Results provide a strong evidence by showing that intangibles do have a significant and a positive effect on corporate financial performance, except when ROA is regressed by CVIFTA rather than CVIF. This effect on and the linkage with financial performance is documented to be the most robust once GPM and NPM are to indicate the performance in the forms of CVIF and CVIFTA respectively.

Keywords


Intangibles; Financial Performance; Financial Reporting; International Accounting Standards (IASs); International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRSs); Oman

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