Changes in lake area as a consequence of plant overgrowth in the South Baltic Lakelands (Northern Poland)

Rajmund Skowron, Tomasz Jaworski

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/11383

Abstract


The authors carried out the analysis of changes in the plant overgrowth of the lakes based on cartographic materials. Among 6 793 lakes with the area exceeding 1 ha located in the lakelands of Northern Poland, 893 lakes were selected for the analysis. The lakes were selected on the grounds of the existing bathymetric plans and information on their overgrowth and depth relations. Over the last 50 years lake area declined by 1.9% (from 140 975.0 ha do 138 273.7 ha) and so did the lake area covered with emergent plants, i.e. by 0.27% (from 11 219.0 ha down to 10 637.2 ha). Emergent plants cover on average 7.69% of the lake area. In the case of the lakes of smaller areas (below 80 ha) or medium areas (80÷200 ha) the extent of plant overgrowth was 14.3 and 9.6% respectively. The article presents two indicators which determine plant overgrowth of the lakes. These are the coefficient of overgrowing the lakes (%) and the coefficient of overgrowing the shoreline (ha km-1). These coefficients make it possible to study the extent of lake overgrowing in the South Baltic Lakeland, regardless the direction of these changes.


Keywords


Northern Poland; lakes; indicator of plant overgrowth; shoreline plant overgrowth.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Błaszkiewicz, M., 2005, Late Glacial and Early Holocene evolution of the lake basin in the Kociewskie Lakeland (eastern part of the Pomeranian Lakeland). Geographical Studies of the Polish Academy of Sciences, 201, 1–192.

Brižs, J., 2011, Dynamics of emergent macrophytes for 50 years in the coastal Lake Engure, Latvia. Proceeding of the Latvian Academy of Sciences, 65, 170–177. DOI: 10.2478/v10046-011-0033-1.

Choiński, A., 2001, Analysis of changes in the area and water volume of Lake Jamno. Limnological Review, 1, 41–44.

Choiński, A., 2006, Katalog jezior Polski [Catalogue of Polish Lakes]. Adam Mickiewicz University Press, Poznań, 600 pp [in Polish].

Choiński, A., 2007, Limnologia fizyczna Polski [Physical Limnology of Poland]. Adam Mickiewicz University Press, Poznań, 547 pp [in Polish].

Choiński, A., Madalińska K., 2002, Changes in lake percentage in Pomeranian Lakeland catchments adjacent to the Baltic since the close of the 19th century. Limnological Review, 2, 63–68.

Choiński, A., Ptak, M., Strzelczak, A., 2014, Present-day evolution of coastal lakes based on the example of Jamno and Bukowo (the Southern Baltic coast). Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, 43, 178-184. DOI: 10.2478/s13545-014-0131-1.

Cieśliński, R., 2015, The size and causes overgrowth for lakes in Gdańsk. [in] Absalon, D., Matysik, M., Ruman, M. (eds), Novel methods and solutions in hydrology and water management. Monographs of Hydrologic Commission of Polish Geographical Society, Sosnowiec, 95–109.

Dąbrowski, M., 2002, Changes in the water level of lakes in northeastern Poland. Limnological Review, 2, 85–92.

Dorożyński, R., Skowron, R., 2002, Changes of the basin of Lake Gopło caused by melioration work in the 18th and 19th centuries. Limnological Review, 2, 93–102.

Glazik, R., Gierszewski, P., 2001. Influence of groundwater intakes on water resources of the chosen lakes located within Gostynińsko-Włocławski Landscape Park. Limnological Review, 1, 95–102.

Gotlib, D., Iwaniak, A., Olszewski, R., 2007, GIS, areas of application. Polish Scientific Publisher, Warsaw.

Heinsalu, A., Alliksaar, T., 2009, Palaeolimnological assessment of environmental change over the last two centuries in oligotrophic Lake Nohipalu Valgjärv, southern Estonia. Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences, 58, 124–132. DOI:10.3176/earth.2009.2.03.

Hildebrandt-Radke, I., Przybycin, J., 2011, Zmiany sieci hydrograficznej i zalesienia a melioracje regionu środkowej Obry (centralna Wielkopolska) w świetle danych historycznych i materiału kartograficznego [Changes in the hydrographic network and area under forest in the context of the Middle Obra melioration (central Wielkopolska region), in the light of historical data and cartographic material]. Przegląd Geograficzny, 83, 323–342 [in Polish].

Jaworski, T., 2005, Morphogenesis of the Wel subglacial channel (Chełmno-Dobrzyń Lakeland) during the glacial period. Acta Universitatis Nicolai Copernici, Geografia, 33, 61-81.

Jusik, S., Macioł, A., 2014, The influence of hydromorphological modifications of the littoral zone in lakes on macrophytes. Oceanological and Hydrobiological Studies, 43, 66–76. DOI: 10.2478/s13545-014-0119-x.

Kalinowska, K., 1961, Disappearance of glacial lakes in Poland [Zanikanie jezior polodowcowych w Polsce]. Przegląd Geograficzny, 33, 511–518 [in Polish].

Kaniecki, A., 1997, Influence of XIXth centuries – the meliorations on change of level of waters, [in] Choiński, A. (ed.), Influence of human impact on lake, Adam Mickiewicz University Press, Poznań, 67–71.

Kijowski, A., 1978, Analiza zbiorników wodnych na podstawie zdjęć lotniczych [Analysis of water reservoirs on the basis of aerial photographs]. Badania Fizjograficzne nad Polską Zachodnią, Geografia Fizyczna, 31, 93–101 [in Polish].

Kolada, A., Ciecierska H., 2008, Methods for lake macrophyte surveying in the light of biological monitoring required by Water Framework Directive. Environmental protection and natural resources, 37, 9–24.

Kowalczyk, V., 1993, Differentiation overgrowth lakes in catchments within the specified Lakeland. Unpublished PhD Thesis, Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań.

Kowalewski, G., Lamentowicz, M., Pająkowski, J.,2001, Lake Miedzno shoreline changes and Lake Piaseczno sediments in Wdecki Landscape Park area. Limnological Review, 1, 173-180.

Kunz, M., Skowron, R., Skowroński, S., 2010, Morphometry changes of Lake Ostrowskie (the Gniezno Lakeland) on the basis of cartographic, remote sensing and geodetic surveying. Limnological Review, 10, 77–85. DOI 10.2478/v10194-011-0009-1.

Linkevičienė, R., 2009, Impact of river capture on hydrography and water resources: case study of Ula and Katra catchments, south Lithuania. The Holocene, 19, 1233–1240. DOI: 10.1177/0959683615612586.

Marszelewski, W., 2005, Zmiany warunków abiotycznych w jeziorach Polski Północno-Wschodniej [Changes of the abiotic conditions in the lakes of North-East Poland]. Nicolaus Copernicus University Press, Toruń, 288 pp [in Polish, English summary].

Niewiarowski, W., 1978, Fluctuations of water-level in the Gopło lake their reasons. Polish Archives of Hydrobiology, 25, 301–306.

Niewiarowski, W., 1986, The phases of transformation of subglacial channels into river valleys: A case study of the Lower Vistula region. Acta Universitais Nicolai Copernici, Geografia, XXI, 61–72.

Niewiarowski, W., 1987, Oscillations of lake level during the Late Glacial and holocene – a case study of the Brodnica Lake District. Wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift der Ernst Moritz Arndt Universität Greifswald: Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Reihe, 36, 36–37.

Noryśkiewicz, A., 1995, Vegetation inshore of the Biskupińskie Lake. [in] Niewiarowski, W. (ed.), Outline of chages of the geographical environment in the Biskupin surroundigs under influence of natural and anthropogenic factors during the Late Glacial and Holocene. Oficyna Wydawnicza Turpress, Toruń, 41–48.

Novik, A., Punning, J.-M., Zernitskaya, V., 2010, The development of Belarusian lakes during the Late Glacial and Holocene. Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences, 59, 63–79. DOI: 10.3176/earth.2010.1.05.

Nowacka, A., Ptak M., 2007, Zmiany powierzchni jezior na pojezierzu Wielkopolsko-Kujawskim w XX wieku [Changes in the surface of lakes in the Wielkopolsko-Kujawskie Lakeland in the twentieth century]. Badania Fizjograficzne nad Polską Zachodnią, Geografia Fizyczna, 58, 149–157 [in Polish].

Partanen, S., Hellstenm, S., 2005, Changes of emergent aquatic macrophyte cover in seven large boreal lakes in Finland with special reference to water level regulation. Fennia, 183, 57–79.

Ptak, M., 2010, Percentage of the area covered by forest and change surface lakes in the middle and lower Warta River Basin from the end 19th century. [in] Ciupa, T., Suligowski, R. (eds.), Woda w badaniach geograficznych. Jan Kochanowski University Press, Kielce, 151–158.

Ptak, M., Ławniczak, A., 2012, Changes in water resources in selected lakes in the middle and lower catchment of the River Warta. Limnological Review, 12, 35–44. DOI 10.2478/v10194-011-0043-z

Sinkiewicz, M., 1998, The development of anthropogenic denudation in central part of Northern Poland. Nicolaus Copernicus University Press, Toruń, 103 pp.

Skowron, R., 2004, Description of lake basin in the light of selected morphometric indicators. Limnological Review, 4, 233–240.

Skowron, R., Piasecki, A., 2012, Changes of water resources and lake floor geometry of Gopło and Ostrowskie Lakes as the result of anthropopressure. [in] Grześkowiak, A. & Nowak, B., (eds.), Anthropogenic and natural transformations of lakes. Institute of Meteorology and Water Management - National Research Institute Press, Poznań, 95–97.

Skowron, R., Piasecki, A., 2014, Plant overgrowth as an indicator of lake disappearance – the case of northwestern Poland. [in] (Gastescu, P., Marszelewski, W. & Bretcan, P., eds.), Water resources and wetlands, Programme and Abstract. Transversal Publishing House, Targoviste, 37–38.

Terasmaa, J., 2011, Lake basin development in the Holocene and its impact on the sedimentation dynamics in a small lake (southern Estonia). Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences, 60, 159–171. DOI: 10.3176/earth.2011.3.04.

Vainu, M., Terasmaa, J., 2014, Changes in climate, catchment vegetation and hydrogeology as the causes of dramatic lake-level fluctuations in the Kurtna Lake District, NE Estonia. Estonian Journal of Earth Sciences, 63, 45–61. DOI: 10.3176/earth.2014.0.

Valta-Hulkkonen, K., Kanninen, A., Pellikka, P., 2004, Remote sensing and GIS for detecting changes in the aquatic vegetation of rehabilitated lake. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 25, 5745–5758. DOI: 10.1080/01431160412331291170.








ISSN 2080-7686 (print)
ISSN 2300-8490 (online)

 

 

Partnerzy platformy czasopism