New player on the scene: Turkish engagement in Africa.

Kateřina Rudincová

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/bog-2014-0039

Abstract


Turkey's engagement in Africa is connected to the ideological shift of Turkish government during the era of Justice and Development Party and its redirection from the Western-centred to the more diversified foreign policy. Turkish policy in Africa has two dimensions: first one is promoted by the official representation of the State, and the second is performed mainly by civil sector of Turkish society, the business organisation as well as various NGOs. This paper examines Turkish involvement in Africa from various perspectives. It focuses on the economic, political as well as ideological role of Turkey in Africa. 

Keywords


Turkey, Africa, AKP, foreign policy, soft power

Full Text:

PDF

References


African Union, 2013: Africa-Turkey High Level Officials Meeting, available online: http://www.au.int/en/content/africa-turkey-high-level-officials-meeting (accessed 8.7.2013).

Afacan, I., 2013: African Opening in Turkish Foreign Policy. In: Ortadoğu analiz (Middle Eastern Analysis – in Turkish), Volume 5, Issue 52, Centre for Middle Eastern Strategies Studies, pp. 46-54.

Aras, B., 2009: Davutoğlu Era in Turkish Foreign Policy, SETA Policy Brief No. 32, available online: http://arsiv.setav.org/public/indir.aspx?yol=%2fups%2fdosya%2f20875.pdf&baslik=Davuto%f0lu+Era+in+Turkish+Foreign+Policy_32_Bulent+Aras (accessed 21.4.2013).

Combined Maritime Forces, 2012: Turkey Assumes Command of Combined Task Force 151, available online: http://combinedmaritimeforces.com/2012/09/25/turkey-assumes-command-of-combined-task-force-151/ (accessed 17.1.2014).

Danforth, N., 2008: Ideology and Pragmatism in Turkish Foreign Policy: From Atatürk to the AKP. In: Turkish Policy Quarterly, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp. 83-95.

Davutoğlu, A., 2008: Turkey’s Foreign Policy Vision: An Assessment of 2007. In: Insight Turkey, Volume 10, Issue 1, SETA foundation, pp. 77-96, available online: http://arsiv.setav.org/ups/dosya/9595.pdf (accessed 5.5.2013).

Davutoğlu, A., 2010: Turkish Foreign Policy and the EU in 2010. In: Turkish Policy Quarterly, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp. 11-17.

European Commission Audiovisual Services, 2013: Map of the European Union to 28 after the accession of Croatia, available online: http://ec.europa.eu/avservices/photo/photoDetails.cfm?sitelang=en&mgid=38#0 (accessed 30.1.2014).

Harte, J., 2012: Turkey Shocks Africa. In: World Policy Journal, Volume 29, Issue 4, World Policy Institute, pp. 27-38. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0740277512470926.

Hursoy, S., 2011: Changing Dimensions of Turkey’s Foreign Policy. In: International Studies, Volume 48, Issue 2, Jawaharlal Nehru University, pp. 139-164. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0020881712469458.

International Crisis Group, 2012: Assessing Turkey’s Role in Somalia, Africa Briefing N°92, available online: http://www.crisisgroup.org/~/media/Files/africa/horn-of-africa/somalia/b092-assessing-turkeys-role-in-somalia (accessed 2.5.2013).

Kalın, I., 2011: Soft Power and Public Diplomacy in Turkey. In: Perceptions: Journal of International Affairs, Volume 16, Issue 3, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Turkey, pp. 5-23, available online http://sam.gov.tr/tr/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/Autumn_2011.pdf#page=9 (accessed 20.1.2014).

Kirişci, K., 2009: The transformation of Turkish foreign policy: The rise of the trading state. In: New Perspectives on Turkey, Issue 40, Istanbul: Homer Academic Publishing House, pp. 29-57.

Kulaklikaya, M. and Nurdun, R., 2010: Turkey as a New Player in Development Cooperation. In: Insight Turkey, Volume 12, Issue 4, SETA foundation, pp. 131-145, available online: http://file.insightturkey.com/Files/Pdf/insight_turkey_vol_12_no_4_2010_kulaklikaya.pdf (accessed 10.5.2013).

Nye, J., 1990: Soft Power. In: Foreign Policy. Issue 80, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, pp. 153-171.

Öniş, Z., 2010: Multiple Faces of the „New“ Turkish Foreign Policy: Underlying Dynamics and a Critique, GLODEM Working Papers Series, Center for Globalization and Democratic Governance, Istanbul, Turkey, available online: http://glodem.ku.edu.tr/10_004.pdf(acessed 18.4.2013).

Özkan, M. and Akgün, B., 2010a: Turkey’s Opening to Africa. In: Journal of Modern African Studies, Volume 48, Issue 4, Cambridge University Press, pp. 525-546. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022278X10000595.

Özkan, M. and Akgün, B., 2010b: Why Welcome Al Basheer? Contextualizin Turkey’s Darfur Policy, SETA Policy Brief No. 45, available online: http://arsiv.setav.org/Ups/dosya/42287.pdf (accessed 10.5.2013).

Özkan, M. and Akgün, B., 2010c: Turkey’s Darfur Policy: Convergences and Differentiations from the Muslim World. In: Insight Turkey, Volume 12, Issue 4, SETA foundation, pp. 147-165, available online: http://www.insightturkey.com/insight-turkey-volume-12-no-4/issues/34 (accessed 15.1.2014).

Özkan, M., 2010a: Turkey’s Rising Role in Africa. In: Turkish Policy Quarterly, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp. 93-105.

Özkan, M., 2010b: What drives Turkey's involvement in Africa? In: Review of African Political Economy, Volume 37, Issue 126, Taylor & Francis, pp. 533-540. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03056244.2010.530952.

Özkan, M., 2011: Turkey’s ‘New’ Engagements in Africa and Asia: Scope, Content and Implications. In: Perceptions: Journal of International Affairs, Volume 16, Issue 3, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of Turkey, pp. 115-137, available online http://sam.gov.tr/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/MehmetOzkan.pdf (accessed 15.5.2013).

Özkan, M., 2012: A New Actor or Passer-By? The Political Economy of Turkey's Engagement with Africa. In: Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies, Volume 14, Issue 1, Taylor & Francis, pp. 113-133. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/19448953.2012.656968.

Pham, J. P., 2010: Turkey’s Return to Africa. In: World Defense Review, available online: http://worlddefensereview.com/pham052710.shtml (accessed 22.4.2013).

Vicky, A., 2011: Turkey Moves into Africa. Le Monde Diplomatique, available online: http://mondediplo.com/2011/05/08turkey (accessed 22.4.2013).

The Istanbul Declaration on Africa – Turkey Partnership, 2008: Solidarity and Partnership for a Common Future, available online: http://www.iss.org.za/uploads/TURKEYAFRIDECAUG08.PDF(accessed 22.4.2013).

Republic of Turkey, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2011a: Turkey and African Union, available online: http://www.mfa.gov.tr/the-united-nations-organization-and-turkey_.en.mfa (accessed 22.4.2013).

Republic of Turkey, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2011b: Turkey-Africa Relations, available online: http://www.mfa.gov.tr/turkey-africa-relations.en.mfa (accessed 22.4.2013).

Republic of Turkey, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 2011c: Turkish Representations, available online: http://www.mfa.gov.tr/turkey-africa-relations.en.mfa (accessed 15.1.2014).

Tepedelen, K., 2008: The Turkish Policy of Opening up to Africa. In: Foreign Policy (Dış Politika), Issue 34, Foreign Policy Institute, pp. 100 – 114.

Turkish Airlines, 2012: Turkish Airlines Launches Its Services to Mogadishu (Somalia), available online: http://www.webcitation.org/68wMaq2p9 (accessed 30.1.2014).

Turkish Statistical Institute, 2013: Foreign Trade Statistics, available online: http://www.turkstat.gov.tr/PreTablo.do?alt_id=1046 (accessed 15.1.2014).

United Nations Statistics Divison, 2012: Composition of Macro Geographical (Continental) Regions, Geographical Sub-Regions, and Selected Economic and Other Groupings, available online: http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49regin.htm (accessed 15.1.2014).








Print ISSN: 1732-4254
Online ISSN: 2083-8298

Partnerzy platformy czasopism