Globalisation as a major factor modifying the patterns of tourism activity

Beata Hołowiecka, Elżbieta Grzelak-Kostulska

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/bog-2013-0020

Abstract


Globalisation is a complex and dynamic process that today influences many factors determining the development of tourism. It brings about economic, political, social and even cultural changes and drives the expansion of a single global market where the movement of capital, goods and people is much easier than it used to be. Globalization also has an intangible dimension – by enabling access to information and modern forms of communication and by stimulating the spatial mobility of populations it allows ideas to flow freely, as a result of which individuals learn new attitudes and behaviours. This article discusses the influence of globalization on the tourism preferences and tourism activity of Polish residents. The results of the earlier empirical research has confirmed that different social groups have their specific models of tourism activity, showing also which groups have responded to globalization the most strongly and the possible consequences this may have for tourism activity.


Keywords


global tendencies in tourism; globalization; tourism; tourist activity; Poland

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alejziak, W., 2009: Determinanty i zróżnicowanie społeczne aktywności turystycznej (Determinants and social diversity of tourist activity – in Polish). In: Studia i Monografie, Nr 56, Kraków: Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego im. Bronisława Czecha w Krakowie.

Alvarez, M. and Asugman, G., 2006: Explorers versus planners: a study of Turkish tourists. In: Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 33, No. 2, pp. 173–182. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2005.12.001

Bauman, Z., 1999: Globalization. The human consequences, Cambridge Malden, MA: Polity Press in association with Blackwell Publisher Ltd.

Bauman, Z., 2011: Culture in a liquid modern world, Cambridge Malden, MA: Polity Press.

Burns, P.M. and Novelli, M., 2008: Tourism and mobilities: local-global connections, CABI.

Burns, P.M. and Novelli, M., 2006: Tourism and social identities: global frameworks and local realities, Elsevier.

Dłużewska, A., 2009: Społeczno-kulturowe dysfunkcje turystyczne w krajach islamu (The socio-cultural dysfunctions of tourism in Islamic countries – in Polish), Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego.

Golka, M., 1999: Cywilizacja, Europa, globalizacja (The civilization, Europe, globalization – in Polish), Poznań: Wydawnictwo Fundacji Humaniora.

Grzelak-Kostulska, E., Hołowiecka, B. and Michniewicz- Ankiersztajn, H., 2010: Profil aktywności turystycznej seniorów (The profile of tourism activity of seniors – in Polish). In: Kałuża, D. and Szukalski, P. editors, Jakość życia seniorów w XXI wieku. Ku aktywności, Łódź: Wydawnictwo Biblioteka, pp. 71–85.

Grzelak-Kostulska, E., Hołowiecka, B. and Kwiatkowski, G., 2011: Problem aktywności turystycznej seniorów (The problem of tourism activity of seniors – in Polish). In: Stasiak, A. editor, Perspektywy i kierunki rozwoju turystyki społecznej w Polsce, Łódź: Wydawnictwo WSTH w Łodzi, pp. 265–279.

Hall, C.A. and Lew, M.A., 1998: Sustainable tourism. A geographical perspective, Harlow: Longman.

Hall, C.A. and Lew, M.A., 2009: Understanding and managing tourism impacts: an integrated approach, Abingdon: Taylor & Francis.

Hołowiecka, B., Grzelak-Kostulska, E. and Kwiatkowski, G., 2011: Impacts of globalization on tourist preferences and activity. In: Mácha, P. and Drobík, T. editors, The scale of globalization think globally, act locally, change individually in the 21st century, Ostrava: University of Ostrava, pp. 55–62.

Hołowiecka, B., Grzelak-Kostulska, E. and Kwiatkowski, G., 2011: Uwarunkowania aktywności turystycznej młodzieży z rodzin o niskim dochodzie (Determinants of the tourism activity of young people from low-income families – in Polish). In: Stasiak, A. editor, Perspektywy i kierunki rozwoju turystyki społecznej w Polsce, Łódź: Wydawnictwo WSTH w Łodzi, pp. 157–170.

Krippendorf, J., 1983: Towards new tourism policies: importance of environmental and socio-cultural factors. In: Tourism Management, Vol. 3, pp. 135–148.

Middleton, V.T.C., Fyall, A., Morgan, M. and Ranchhod, A., 2009: Marketing in Travel and Tourism, Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. Turystyka i wypoczynek w gospodarstwach domowych w 2009 roku (Tourism and recreation in households in 2009 – in Polish). 2010: Warsaw: Central Statistical Office. Access on: http://www.stat.gov.pl/ gus/5840_661_PLK_HTML.htm, DoA: 14 April 2013

Wahab, S.P. and Cooper, Ch., 2001: Tourism in the age of globalization, London: Routledge.

Wahab, S. and Pigram, J.J.J., 1997: Tourism, development and growth: the challenge of sustainability, London: Routledge.








Print ISSN: 1732-4254
Online ISSN: 2083-8298

Partnerzy platformy czasopism