Identification Hierarchies of Inhabitants of Austrian Galicia in the Local Dimension

Jagoda Wierzejska



In the first place, the main identifications of residents of Austrian Galicia in the period between 1772 and 1918 are discussed; emphasised is the fact that diverse individual hierarchies of identification could be formed. Then, it is shown in what ways these identification directions surfaced in the specified local dimension – namely, in the town of Drohobycz (today Ukrainian Drohobych), in the specific historical moment – that is, during the 1911 election for the Vienna Parliament. On this occasion, the local elite carried out the election of their own candidate, contrary to what the majority of local dwellers demanded – which resulted in protest actions and unusual alliances between the locals. Given the exemplary occurrence with its limited place and time framework, the article seeks to analyse the sympathies and antipathies among the Galicians, which tended at times to be astonishing and not necessarily followed the lines of ethnic/national and political divisions. The argument has it that what was happening tended to be contrary to the image of the conflict that split the province’s three main ethnic groups, on the one hand, and the vision of a concordant coexistence between Poles, Ukrainians, and Jews, on the other.


(Austrian) Galicia; Drohobycz; identification hierarchy; parliamentary election; locality

Full Text:



Bolesławski Feliks, W obronie prawdy (tragedja drohobycka w świetle faktów) (Lwów, 1911).

Boyer John W., ‘Power, Partisanship, and the Grid of Democratic Politics: 1907 as the Pivot Point of Modern Austrian History’, Austrian History Yearbook, xliv (2013), 148–74.

Chłopecki Jerzy and Madurowicz-Urbańska Helena (eds) Społeczeństwo i gospodarka. Galicja i jej dziedzictwo, ii (Rzeszów, 1995).

Frank Alison Fleig, Oil Empire: Visions of Prosperity in Austrian Galicia (Cambridge London, 2005).

Janowski Maciej, ‘Galizien auf dem Weg zur Zivilgesellschaft’, in Helmut Rumpler and Peter Urbanitsch (eds), Die Habsburgermonarchie 1848–1918, viii, 1: Politische Öffentlichkeit und Zivilgesellschaft (Wien, 2006), 805–58.

Jászi Oszkár, Dissolution of the Habsburg Monarchy (Chicago, 1929).

Judson Pieter M., The Habsburg Empire: A New History (Cambridge–London, 2016).

Magocsi Paul R., The Roots of Ukrainian Nationalism: Galicia as Ukraine’s Piedmont (Buffalo–Toronto, 2002).

Mściwujewski Mścisław, Z dziejów Drohobycza, ii (Drohobycz, 1939).

Prawda o wyborach drohobyckich odbytych dnia 19 czerwca 1911 r. (Lwów, 1911).

Shanes Joshua, Diaspora Nationalism and Jewish Identity in Habsburg Galicia (New York, 2012).

Vushko Iryna, The Politics of Cultural Retreat: Imperial Bureaucracy in Austrian Galicia 1772–1867 (New Haven–London, 2015).

Wolff Larry, The Idea of Galicia. History and Fantasy in Habsburg Political Culture (Stanford, 2010).

Partnerzy platformy czasopism