TY - JOUR
AU - Gelbukh, Irina
PY - 2023/01/25
Y2 - 2024/09/19
TI - Realization of a graph as the Reeb graph of a height function on an embedded surface
JF - Topological Methods in Nonlinear Analysis
JA - TMNA
VL - 61
IS - 2
SE -
DO - 10.12775/TMNA.2021.058
UR - https://apcz.umk.pl/TMNA/article/view/42231
SP - 591 - 610
AB - We show that for a given finite graph $G$ without loop edges and isolated vertices, there exists an embedding of a closed orientable surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$such that the Reeb graph of the associated height function has the structure of $G$.In particular, this gives a positive answer to the corresponding question posed by Masumoto and Saeki in 2011.We also give a criterion for a given surface to admit such a realization of a given graph, and study the problem in the class of Morse functionsand in the class of round Morse-Bott functions.In the case of realization up to homeomorphism, the height function can be chosen Morse-Bott;we estimate from below the number of its critical circles and the number of its isolated critical points in terms of the graph structure.
ER -