Literatura Ludowa. Journal of Folklore and Popular Culture https://apcz.umk.pl/LL <p><em>Journal of Folklore and Popular Culture. Literatura Ludowa</em> is the quarterly double-blind peer reviewed Open Access academic journal published by The Polish Ethnological Society.</p> <p>Intended to be both international in its scope and interdisciplinary in approach, the Journal provides a forum for wide-ranging, in-depth discussion on historical and contemporary forms of folklore as well as popular and vernacular culture. Our aim is to publish original papers in folklore research, cultural anthropology, culture studies and related fields concerning language, literature, religion, history, performance, communication and new media.</p> <p><em>Journal of Folklore and Popular Culture </em>is financially supported by the Polish Ministry of Education and Science under the programme "Rozwój czasopism naukowych".</p> <p>ISSN 2544-2872 (online)<br />ISSN 0024-4708 (print)</p> <p><em> </em></p> Polskie Towarzystwo Ludoznawcze en-US Literatura Ludowa. Journal of Folklore and Popular Culture 0024-4708 1. The authors give the publisher (Polish Ethnological Society) non-exclusive license to use the work in the following fields:<p>a) recording of a Work / subject of a related copyright;</p><p>b) reproduction (multiplication) Work / subject of a related copyright in print and digital technique (ebook, audiobook);</p><p>c) marketing of units of reproduced Work / subject of a related copyright;</p><p>d) introduction of Work / object of related copyright to computer memory;</p><p>e) dissemination of the work in an electronic version in the formula of open access under the Creative Commons license (CC BY - ND 3.0).</p><p>2. The authors give the publisher the license free of charge.</p><p>3. The use of the work by publisher in the above mentioned aspects is not limited in time, quantitatively nor territorially.</p> Miecław, Wałęsa, Wojtyła or the Peasant History of Poland https://apcz.umk.pl/LL/article/view/42322 <p>Review: Jan Wasiewicz, <em>Pamięć – chłopi – bunt. Transdyscyplinarne badania nad chłopskim dziedzictwem. Historia pamięci pierwszego powstania ludowego na ziemiach polskich</em>, Instytut Wydawniczy Książka i Prasa, Warszawa 2021.</p> Waldemar Kuligowski Copyright (c) 2022 Waldemar Kuligowski https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 66 3 125 128 10.12775/LL.3.2022.007 The Long Life of the Classics of Children’s Literature https://apcz.umk.pl/LL/article/view/42323 <p>Review: Maciej Skowera, <em>Carroll, Baum, Barrie. (Mito)biografie i (mikro)historie</em>, Wydawnictwo Universitas, Kraków 2022.</p> Dariusz Piechota Copyright (c) 2022 Dariusz Piechota https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 66 3 129 133 10.12775/LL.3.2022.008 Therianthropes in a Cartesian and an Animistic Cosmology: Beyond-the-Pale Monsters versus Being-in-the World Others https://apcz.umk.pl/LL/article/view/42301 <p>The nature of human-animal hybrid beings (or therianthropes) is examined in an Animistic (traditional San Bushman) and a Cartesian (Early Modern Western) cosmology. In each ontological ambiguity is imagined and conceptualized in different terms. One of them is through monstrosity, which, in the Western schema, is equated with human-animal hybridity. This equivalence threatens the boundaries and categories that buttress western cosmology, through a being – the human-animal hybrid – deemed a conceptual and epistemological abomination. It elicits a category crisis that is as much cerebral as it is visceral as the were-beings it conceives are feared and demonized. No such valences attach to therianthropes in the cosmology described in this paper. It is an “entangled” cosmology shot through with ambiguity and fluidity in which human-animal hybridity is neither abominable nor feared. Instead, as a pervasive and salient theme of San world view and lifeways, especially its expressive and ritual spheres, along with hunting, ontological mutability becomes an integral component of people’s thoughts and lives and thereby normalized and naturalized. Beings partaking of this state are deemed another species of being with whom humans engage as other-than-humans, on shared social terms. Monsters are beings who negate or transgress the moral foundation of the social order. San monstrosity, conceptually and phenomenologically, becomes thereby a matter of deviation from social (moral) pre/proscriptions rather than from classificatory (ontological) ones. This basic conceptual difference notwithstanding, we also find a fundamental commonality: the inversion, through monsters and monstrosity, of each cosmology’s underlying epistemic matrices, of structure and ambiguity, respectively.</p> Mathias Guenther Copyright (c) 2022 Mathias Guenther https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 66 3 7 35 10.12775/LL.3.2022.001 U Thlen and the Nongshohnoh: Folklore, Experience, and Reality https://apcz.umk.pl/LL/article/view/42317 <p>The need to better understand the supernatural is an ever-engaging aspect of any enquiry into the matter due to the changing paradigms of time and space and the existence of numerous misconceptions and observations concerning the same. Such is a case of the legend of U Thlen and the nongshohnoh phenomenon of Meghalaya, a north-eastern state in the sovereign country of India. U Thlen, an evil mystical being, is described in Khasi legends and recounted in Khasi folklore as an entity thirsty for human blood and never satiated. He was, however, tricked and captured by the Khasi people but never ultimately destroyed. As an act of deception – of reward and mainly revenge, U Thlen promised people riches in exchange for human sacrifice. An existing belief is that U Thlen was adopted by a Khasi household which saw the beginning of the nongshohnoh or the “cut throat” phenomenon. The surrounding belief about the keeping of U Thlen functions on the basis of prevailing social notions that human sacrifice offered to U Thlen equates to riches. While the legend of U Thlen has witnessed transcendence from narratives to lived realities over an incredible part of the history of the Khasi people, the nongshohnoh phenomenon has seen its fair share of criticism with time as well. It is in this regard that this study aims to (re)look into this very phenomenon as a living reality of the Khasi society. This paper also aims to look at existing beliefs and disbeliefs in U Thlen and the nongshohnoh phenomenon in order to arrive at an understanding, proper to the contemporary setting of the Khasi society, in the twenty-first century.</p> Auswyn Winter Japang Copyright (c) 2022 Auswyn Winter Japang https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 66 3 37 49 10.12775/LL.3.2022.002 Cannibalizing the Wiindigo: The Wiindigog in Anishinaabeg and Oji-Cree Boreal Landscapes and Its Re-presentations in Popular Culture https://apcz.umk.pl/LL/article/view/42318 <p>This paper will discuss the Wiindigo, a cannibalistic character among some Indigenous peoples of North America. Illustrated through the Anishinaabeg and Oji-Cree, two Algonquin-speaking Indigenous groups, the Wiindigo serves as a personification of fear and hunger, and alludes to the cultural heritage elements of the boreal forest food system as well as the differing legal systems in Canada. In examining the Wiindigo from the Indigenous cultural and historical perspectives related to the author by several knowledge-holders, as well as from EuroCanadian popular culture representations, the paper illustrates the importance of the Wiindigo to Anishinaabe and Oji-Cree world views, customary governance, and contemporary lived experience.</p> Agnieszka Pawłowska-Mainville Copyright (c) 2022 Agnieszka Pawłowska-Mainville https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 66 3 51 69 10.12775/LL.3.2022.003 From Stories to Behaviour, the Ebb and Flow of Fears and Panics: Discussion of the Needle-Spiking Epidemic Scares of 2021–2022 https://apcz.umk.pl/LL/article/view/42319 <p>The needle-spiking scares in the UK and France are discussed and contextualized through comparison with former outbreaks linked to social fears. The contradictions of our attitudes towards psychoactive drugs, both coveted and feared, are outlined and lead to an analysis of the scares in a folkloric perspective that centers on the notion of ostensive action.</p> Veronique Campion-Vincent Copyright (c) 2022 Veronique Campion-Vincent https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 66 3 71 91 10.12775/LL.3.2022.004 Race and Horror in HBO’s Lovecraft Country https://apcz.umk.pl/LL/article/view/42320 <p>This article is an analysis of the HBO series Lovecraft Country in terms of the elements of racism and traditional horror elements present in it, including elements typical of the prose of one of the genre’s creators, H. P. Lovecraft. The purpose of the article is to explore typical horror elements that appear in the series and show how the authors of the series combine traditional horror with the horror of everyday life in the oppressed Black community in 1950s America. At the beginning of the article, the series and its main idea are described. The article then takes up the subject of the portrayal of racism in the series, specific examples of which are presented and discussed in terms of their compatibility with the realities of America at the time. The article also discusses elements related to the antiracism movement – situations presented in the series that exemplify the character’ struggle against racism are shown. Then the otherness depicted in the series is discussed – not only racial otherness, but also gender and sexual otherness; in this part of the article, otherness is given as a reason for oppression by society. The article also explores the use of traditional elements of horror genre in the series – it indicates which scenes in the series use the traditional concepts of the horror genre, and attempts to show which characters in the series function as monsters in the story. At the end of the article, it is explained how the series draws inspiration in the works of Lovecraft, whose name appears in the very title of the series.</p> Mariusz Woźniak Copyright (c) 2023 Mariusz Woźniak https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 66 3 93 108 10.12775/LL.3.2022.005 Tracking Urban Legends https://apcz.umk.pl/LL/article/view/42321 <p>Dionizjusz Czubala is one of the most important contemporary Polish folklorists; his research pertains to the occupational folklore of potters and various forms of oral narratives. Among his works of particular value are his field studies concerning urban legends conducted in Poland, Russia, Ukraine and Mongolia, reports from which were published in the “FOAFtale News” bulletin, and research on memoirs connected with the Holocaust, published in the book <em>O tym nie wolno mówić... Zagłada Żydów w opowieściach wspomnieniowych ze zbiorów Dionizjusza Czubali</em>, 2019 (We Are Not Allowed to Speak about It… The Extermination of the Jews in Memoirs from the Collection of Dionizjusz Czubala). He is the author of numerous monographs and collections of folklorist texts, including: <em>Folklor garncarzy polskich</em>, 1978 (The Folklore of Polish Potters); <em>Podania i opowieści z Zagłębia Dąbrowskiego. Sto lat temu i dzisiaj</em>, 1984 (Legends and Stories from the Dąbrowa Basin. A Hundred Years Ago and Today); <em>Opowieści z życia. Z badań nad folklorem współczesnym</em>, 1985 (Stories from Life. From Research on Contemporary Folklore); <em>Nasze mity współczesne</em>, 1996 (Our Contemporary Myths); <em>Polskie legendy miejskie. Studium i materiały</em>, 2014 (Polish Urban Legends. Study and Materials).</p> Piotr Grochowski Dionizjusz Czubala Copyright (c) 2022 Piotr Grochowski https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/4.0 2022-12-01 2022-12-01 66 3 111 121 10.12775/LL.3.2022.006