Folia Toruniensia <p>‘Folia Toruniensia’ is a scientific, peer-reviewed diamond open access journal. It is published by the Provincial Public Library – the Copernicus Library in Toruń in cooperation with the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń.</p> <p>The annual journal was funded in 2000 and since 16th vol. is published in the formula Open Access, non-exclusive license under <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 (CC BY-ND 4.0).</a></p> <p>The journal contains articles in the field of social communication and media. The mission of the journal is to serve as a forum where the best Polish and foreign scientist present their researches. The Editorial Team warmly invites the latter interested in cooperation.</p> <p>‘Folia Toruniensia’ is on the list of journals covered by the <a href="">Ministry of Science and Higher Education – 20 points.</a></p> <p>pISSN 1641–3792</p> <p>eISSN 2657-4837</p> <p>DOI</p> <p><a href=";journalId=24343">GICID 71.0000.1500.2559</a></p> <p><a href=";hl=en">Google Scholar Citations</a></p> <p><a href="">ICV 2020: 100</a></p> <p><a href=""></a></p> <p><a href=""></a></p> <p> </p> <h3>Abstract and index services:</h3> <ul> <li> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><a href="">ARIANTA – Polish Scientific and Professional Electronic Journals </a></p> </li> <li> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">BazHum</a></p> </li> <li> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><a href="">Central &amp; Eastern European Academic Source (CEEAS, EBSCO)</a></p> </li> <li> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><a href=""><span class="st">Central and Eastern European Online Library</span> (CEEOL)</a></p> </li> <li> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The Central European Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (CEJSH)</a></p> </li> <li> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><a href=";q=sc.general*c_0all_0eq.%2522folia%2Btoruniensia%2522*l_0" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Centrum Otwartej Nauki (CeON)</a></p> </li> <li> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)</a></p> </li> <li><a href="">Essentials™ (EBSCO)</a></li> <li> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">The European Reference Index for the Humanities and the Social Sciences (ERIH PLUS)</a></p> </li> <li> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><a href=";hl=en" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Google Scholar</a></p> </li> <li> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Herder-Institut: Literaturdatenbank (LitDok)</a></p> </li> <li> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Index Copernicus International Journals Master List</a></p> </li> <li> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Library &amp; Information Science Source (EBSCO)</a></p> </li> <li> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><a href="">M<span lang="en-US">IAR: Information Matrix for the Analysis of Journals</span></a></p> </li> <li> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">One Belt, One Road Reference Source (EBSCO)</a></p> </li> <li> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">POL-index</a></p> </li> <li> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><a href=";IM=02&amp;TX=&amp;NU=01&amp;WI=FOLIAbTORUNIENSIA">Polish Bibliography of Bibliographies (PBB)</a></p> </li> <li> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><a href="">Polish Scientific Bibliography (PSB)</a></p> </li> <li> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><a href=";View=osmikon" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Virtuelle Fachbibliothek Osteuropa (ViFaOst)</a></p> </li> <li> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm;"><a href=";qt=advanced&amp;dblist=638" target="_blank" rel="noopener">WorldCat</a></p> </li> <li> <p><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Zeitschriftendatenbank (ZDB)</a></p> </li> </ul> Wojewódzka Biblioteka Publiczna - Książnica Kopernikańska w Toruniu en-US Folia Toruniensia 1641-3792 <p>Authors sign <a href="">the license agreement</a>, where authors have copyright but license exclusive rights in their article to the publisher. In this case authors have a range of rights, including:</p><ul><li>The right to share or reuse their article in the same ways permitted to third parties under <a href="" target="_blank">the Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 (CC BY-ND 4.0) </a>license. Following it, the author can "copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format for any purpose, even commercially. The licensor cannot revoke these freedoms as long as you follow the license terms."</li><li>Authors retain patent, trademark and other intellectual property rights (including research data).</li><li>Authors receive proper attribution and credit for the published work.</li></ul> <p style="margin-bottom: 0cm; line-height: 100%;"><img src="/czasopisma/public/site/images/mbalcerek/Cc-by-nd_icon.svg_2.png" alt="" width="119" height="41" /></p><div data-canvas-width="489.33060800000015"> <div data-canvas-width="489.33060800000015"> </div><div data-canvas-width="489.33060800000015"><a href="">This is a <span class="myhelp" title="Can archive pre-print and post-print">RoMEO <strong>green</strong></span> journal.</a></div></div> Ewa Fogelzang-Adler. "Through joyful glasses": People's Poland in letters to "Przyjaciółka" 1948-1956. Part 1: 1948-1952. Publishing House of the Diocese of Tarnow Biblos. Cracow; Tarnow 2018. p. 299. ISBN 978-83-7793-640-5. <p>The article is a discussion of the book by Ewa Fogelzang-Adler, a researcher associated with the Cracow scientific community: <em>“Through joyful glasses". People's Poland in letters to "Przyjaciółka" 1948-1956. Part 1: 1948-1952 </em> (Cracow; Tarnów 2018), dedicated to recreating the image of everyday life shown through the prism of letters sent to the editors of the most popular women's magazine in the country. It also contains references to the direct predecessor of "Przyjaciółka" – the pre-war biweekly "Moja Przyjaciółka" from Żnin and an outline of the history of the presence of sections of correspondence sections for the communication with readers in the Polish women's press.</p> Katarzyna Wodniak Copyright (c) 2021 the Provincial Public Library - the Copernicus Library in Torun 2021-11-24 2021-11-24 21 203 216 10.12775/FT.2021.010 Lestár Gyulaffi’s Manuscripts and the Fragmentation of a Magnum Opus <span style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;" lang="EN-GB"><span style="font-size: 12pt; line-height: 107%; font-family: 'Times New Roman',serif;" lang="EN-GB">Lestár Gyulaffi (1556–1606?) was a secretary of the Greater Chancery of the Transylvanian Principality. Today, he is best-known as a writer of historical notes and commentaries. These records are considered an excellent source and therefore used by scholars researching the age. As the texts have not been recently published, researchers usually use the 19<sup>th</sup>-century text edition. However, looking at the original documents preserved in the ELTE University Library in Budapest, one realizes that Gyulaffi’s writings do not form a compact work, the 19th-century edition is largely a constructed text. In the present paper I will present what additional information can be obtained from the examination of the manuscripts.</span></span> Máté János Bibor Copyright (c) 2021 the Provincial Public Library - the Copernicus Library in Torun 2021-11-24 2021-11-24 21 9 29 10.12775/FT.2021.001 Factors shaping the content of informative statements: cases of members of secret societies (the thirties – seventies of the nineteenth century) <p>The purpose of these considerations was to show the factors influencing the content of the investigative statements, and thus their informative value depending mainly on the research goals. These included, among others, the circumstances of the arrest and interrogation, the treatment of the suspect, the way of conducting conversations, asking questions, exerting pressure, establishing a rough description of the reality. They also presented the leading forms and contents of the statements. Some attention was also paid to the attitudes of historians towards this type of sources. The analyses carried out showed that the contents of the statements were shaped by: a. information obtained by the investigators from other statements and other sources, b. news revealed by the interrogated, c. striving to protect one's own person by the interrogated, d. the investigators' desire to establish facts and impose a punishment. The result of these considerations is also the thesis that there is no pure form of statement, e.g. only restrained or only sincere. A statement, regardless of its content and form, should be considered an important source for examining the mentality of the nineteenth century, the information needs of administrative, police, and judicial authorities in individual political systems, especially in the circumstances of the crisis of social trust, the personality of members of secret organizations, internal relations in secret societies, social structures, ideas and imaginations of this period, the attitudes of the authorities towards the needs of the collective, and more broadly the relationship between the authorities and the society, and the authorities and an individual.</p> Alicja Kulecka Copyright (c) 2021 the Provincial Public Library - the Copernicus Library in Torun 2021-11-24 2021-11-24 21 31 62 10.12775/FT.2021.002 Return on investment (ROI) in subscription databases by Nigerian academic libraries: a survey <p><strong>Aim: </strong>There seems to be a dearth of literature on how much Nigerian university libraries are spending on the acquisition of Online Electronic Database (OED). This study sets out to investigate the annual cost of acquiring this important and evolving aspect of library collection with the view of determining whether the returns in terms of utilization is commensurate with the invested fund.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>The study adopts a quantitative research method. A self-developed questionnaire was used to collect data from 55 librarians in 41 academic libraries across Nigeria. The data collected were processed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.</p> <p><strong>Findings: </strong>Academic libraries in Nigeria spend an average of ₦12,500,000 or $32,637 on OED subscriptions annually. The study has shown that Nigerian academic libraries usually subscribe to the EBSCOhost and Research4Life databases with few adding specialized databases such as Law Pavilion, HeinOnline, Legalpedia, and ScienceDirect. To ensure adequate returns on investment, the libraries are massively providing support infrastructures, user education, and other information services. However, challenges limiting the widespread use of online databases include irregular power supply and slow internet connectivity among others. </p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>The study, therefore, concludes that there is a middling to low return on subscribed OED in Nigerian academic libraries. However, there are still various huddles that must be scaled for Nigerian academic libraries to reap adequate returns on their investments in online electronic databases.</p> Adekunle Emmanuel Oyadeyi Taofeek Abiodun Oladokun Oludare Adebanji Shorunke Omobolanle Seri Fasola Copyright (c) 2021 the Provincial Public Library - the Copernicus Library in Torun 2021-11-24 2021-11-24 21 63 85 10.12775/FT.2021.003 Public libraries for children in architectural terms <p>The issue of architecture of buildings intended for the public libraries regularly appeared on the pages of Polish and foreign scientific and professional periodicals. However, it was not often that the authors raised the topic in the context of space for the youngest category of readers – children. This work complements the state of knowledge in the Polish literature on the subject by presenting changes that have taken place over the years in the approach to designing buildings and interiors of public libraries for children.</p> Agata Walczak-Niewiadomska Copyright (c) 2021 the Provincial Public Library - the Copernicus Library in Torun 2021-11-24 2021-11-24 21 87 103 10.12775/FT.2021.004 Would-be teachers' digital/information literacy competencies in the world of contradictory information <p><strong>Aim</strong>: My research aims to assess the digital competence of prospective teachers and to establish what tools they will need in their future teaching to motivate the young generations to read more. Learning by reading and then teaching based on reading and learning is gaining ground with increasing intensity in our digital world. We should also take into consideration that these activities are rapidly claiming the digital space.</p> <p>Taking it a little further, this paper's goal is to find answers to the following questions: What kind of sources will would-be teachers use in education? In the case of online information, will they distinguish false or unreliable information from what is true and reliable? What can be regarded as "fake news"? Do the future teachers have adequate media and information literacy to inform their students about good electronic and traditional sources, too? What digital competencies do they have, and what are the most important qualities of a good and effective teacher in their judgement?</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> The study will be devoted to these issues, focusing on Hungarian and Carpathian-Basin teacher-training programs. Regarding methodology, an ongoing empirical survey was used, based on a questionnaire that investigated how Hungarian university students relate to the above issues.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>As a result, the study will focus on the Hungarian National Core Curriculum 2020, which created the ‘Digital Culture’ subject and develops media literacy.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>I find the appearance of fake news very important in education. In my following study, I would like to deepen the understanding of different practices, get to know new ones, and assess the opinion of the teachers who are and will be working in Hungarian public education.</p> Dóra Szabó Copyright (c) 2021 the Provincial Public Library - the Copernicus Library in Torun 2021-11-24 2021-11-24 21 105 120 10.12775/FT.2021.005 Achieving the 4IR University Library in Sub-Saharan Africa: Trends, Opportunities and Challenges <p><strong>Aim: </strong>The paper examined the university library in the Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) and the preconditions for achieving and sustaining the same in Nigeria. 4IR is characterized by a level of automation, deployment of emerging technologies and artificial intelligence, internet connectivity and accessibility to the global information network, subscription to reputable online databases, quality and comprehensive collection in diverse formats, preponderance of digital natives among patrons, increased demand for seamless access to online resources and virtual operations, new library spaces (learning commons, research commons and makerspace), open scholarly communication, research data management, social mediation applications, digital curation and preservation. The challenges militating against effective crystallization of 4IR university libraries include: financial constraints, inadequate infrastructure, resistance to change, inadequate skills and competencies, security and intrusion issues, lack of exposure to international standards.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> The paper recommended the following as requisite panacea: leadership, demonstrating and justifying returns on investment, benchmarking practices, anti-intrusion and back-up systems, adequate power supply and bandwidth, endowment and corporate social responsibility, indigenous library management software, and capacity building initiatives.</p> Christopher Nkiko Omorodion Okuonghae Copyright (c) 2021 the Provincial Public Library - the Copernicus Library in Torun 2021-11-24 2021-11-24 21 121 140 10.12775/FT.2021.006 Survey of users’ level of satisfaction toward inclusive management and marketing of library service in Nigeria <p><strong>Aim: </strong>Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) brought significant innovation and improvement to library services and methods of meeting user needs. Assessment of user satisfaction with the various library services is an important variable toward inclusive library management and marketing of library services in the 21st century. With the application of ICTs bringing about different resources and various accessibility modes (print and online), it became necessary to investigate user satisfaction with various available library resources and services.</p> <p><strong>Methods: </strong>The study addressed user satisfaction using adapted customer satisfaction scores (CSAT) metric with Rodski Survey to elicit information from 560 respondents that visited the library within the space of one week. The questionnaire was given to the respondents during their library visit twice daily for one week and the process excluded those that have filled the questionnaire before.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics. The findings revealed the level of user satisfaction to be average. It was also discovered that the resources in the library did not meet their information needs as the majority responded that the resources are inadequate and the overall assessment of their interaction with librarians is excellent despite the inadequate resources.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Based on the findings, recommendations were made to create a holistic marketing strategy to improve usability of the library, to acquire more resources and funding to meet user expectations, and to address the need for adequate management of library resources.</p> Oluwatoyin Obinyan Copyright (c) 2021 the Provincial Public Library - the Copernicus Library in Torun 2021-11-24 2021-11-24 21 141 161 10.12775/FT.2021.007 Awareness of Ebola Virus Disease and Information Seeking Behaviour of Rural Dwellers in Nigeria: A Cross-Sectional Study <p><strong>Aim: </strong>The study investigated the awareness of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) and information seeking behaviour of rural dwellers in Nigeria.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> The survey type of the descriptive research design was used in conducting the study and the study group comprised adult rural dwellers (18 years and above) residing in six communities (Peretoru, Ekeremor, Obrigbene, Enougbene, Amabulou, and Aya-ama) in Bayelsa state, Nigeria. Data were collected from 600 respondents who were randomly selected from the six communities. The data from the study were then analysed using frequency count and percentages. The results were presented in charts (and graphs).</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The study revealed that rural dwellers possess low awareness of EVD and many of them do not bother to seek EVD information because they do not believe it exists.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Consequently, the study noted the need for the federal government to enhance structures that promote community engagements, especially at the time of the epidemic.</p> Ebiye V. Edonkumoh Margaret N. Ngwuchukwu Promise I Ilo Omorodion Okuonghae Copyright (c) 2021 the Provincial Public Library - the Copernicus Library in Torun 2021-11-24 2021-11-24 21 163 183 10.12775/FT.2021.008 “From the book to the reader.” International Scientific Conference on the occasion of the 65th anniversary of the Institute of Library and Information Science at the University of Wrocław, 19-20 April 2021, Wrocław <p>On April 19-20, 2021, an international scientific conference was held in Wrocław to celebrate the 65th anniversary of the establishment of an academic centre for the education of librarians at the University of Wrocław at the higher level, whose estimable traditions are continued today by the Institute of Library and Information Science. The report on this event contains the characteristics of the event. Individual conference speeches were discussed, juxtaposing them in thematic blocks in terms of contents: readership; editing; sources of information about a book; libraries; bibliology; publishing traffic. Attention was paid to the basic hypotheses and research theses contained in the papers. In the discussion of foreign papers, the polonica present in them were emphasized. The efficiency of the organizer was highlighted, who, as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, was forced to conduct the conference remotely. He took full advantage of all the possibilities offered by this formula, especially of the chat, thanks to which it was possible to comment on the presented papers, ask questions to the speakers and exchange views between the participants. It is also worth noting that the conference was accompanied by an international exhibition of ex libris under the slogan: “Institute of Library and Information Science of the University of Wrocław.”</p> Zdzisław Gębołyś Copyright (c) 2021 the Provincial Public Library - the Copernicus Library in Torun 2021-11-24 2021-11-24 21 217 228 10.12775/FT.2021.011 The world’s first Latin translation of the essay by Pseudo-Aristoteles Peri\ tw=n a)retw=n kai\ kakiw=n by Szymon Grynaeus, a professor at the University of Basel, from the collection of the Copernicus Library in Toruń <p>The study concerns the world's first Latin translation of the essay <em>On Virtues and Vices</em>, preserved under the name of Aristotle, which was made in 1539 by Simon Grynaeus, then a professor at the University of Basel. In addition to the information about the author of the translation and linguistic comments, the study mentioned above also includes a spelling, punctuation, and editorial revision of Grynaeus's translation prepared based on the edition that appeared in print in 1593 in Frankfurt and is in the collections of the Nicolaus Copernicus Public Provincial Library in Toruń.</p> Tomasz Dreikopel Copyright (c) 2021 the Provincial Public Library - the Copernicus Library in Torun 2021-11-24 2021-11-24 21 185 201 10.12775/FT.2021.009