Economic dependence of forest fringe communities on threatened and near-threatened medicinal trees of Madhya Pradesh - the largest forest cover state of central India
KeywordsThreatened and Near-threatened Medicinal Trees (TNMTs), Red listed medicinal trees (RLMTs), Non Timber Forest Produce (NTFP), sustainable harvesting, forest regeneration, forest based income, Eco-regions
AbstractPeople have a free access to the Non timber forest produce (NTFP) in the State of Madhya Pradesh, India barring only a few NTFP which are monopolized by the state for collection and trade. Because of such free access tenure, people and the policy makers have little appreciation for the provisional ecosystem services emanating from the state’s forests. Hence, a research study was conducted in Madhya Pradesh state of India during 2014-2015.This paper evaluates the dependence of the forest fringe communities on the already Threatened and Near-threatened Medicinal Tree resources (TNMTs) in the forests of the state for their health and livelihood requirements.This study was conducted in all the six eco-regions of the state after selecting the most forested divisions and purposely selected forest compartments and socio-economic surveys were conducted in the villages adjoining these forest compartments. The TNMTs of these compartments were fully enumerated in the selected compartments and their physical conditions were recorded. Focus group discussions and household surveys were conducted to study the dependence of forest fringe communities on TNMTs in the adjoining forests. The results show that contribution of direct forest income to the total annual household income was found to vary from 29.35% to 69.48% in forest divisions located in all the six eco-regions of the state. In all the six eco-regions, the percentage of households found to be dependent on forests for some or the other benefits ranged from 96% to 100%. Almost all the TNMTs encountered during this survey were found facing threat of local extinction due to poor regeneration and many other factors at most of the forest sites. The authors have suggested some corrective measures for sustainable management of forest resources for the benefit of forest fringe community in the article.
Ajaz-ul-Islam M., Quli S.M.S, Rai R. & Sofi P.A., 2013, Livelihood contributions of forest resources to the tribal communities of Jharkhand. Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences 3(2): 131-144.
Bahuguna V.K., 2000, Forests in the Economy of the Rural Poor: An Estimation of the Dependency Level. Ambio 29(3): 126-129.
Banerjee A. & Choudhury M., 2013, Forest degradation and livelihood of local communities in India: A human rights approach. Journal of Horticulture and Forestry 5(8): 122-129.
Champion H.G. & Seth S.K., 1968, A Revised Survey of Forest Types of India. Manager of Publications, Government of India, Delhi. https://www.worldcat.org/title/revised-survey-of-the-forest-types-of-india/oclc/679918994.
Lacuna-Richman C., 2002, ‘The socio economic significance of subsistence non wood forest products in Leyte, Philippines’. Environmental Conservation 29: 253–262.
Mahapatra K. & Kant S., 2005, Tropical Deforestation: A Multinomial Logistic Model and Some Country Specific Policy Prescriptions. Forest Policy and Economics 7: 1-24.
MoEF&CC, 2006, Report of the National Forest Commission. Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, New Delhi, 421 pp.
MoEF&CC, 2009, State of Environment Report. Ministry of Environment and Forest. Government of India, New Delhi.
Myers N., 1991, The world’s forests and human population: the environmental interconnections. Population and Development Review 16: 1-15.
Patil A.K. & Kumar V., 2015a, Cost of living near forests: An economic analysis in central India. Journal of Tropical Forestry 31(IV): 1-11.
Patil A.K. & Kumar V., 2015b, Field verification of C.A.M.P workshop’s threat assessments: Population study of red listed medicinal trees in the tropical dry forests of central India. Indian Journal of Tropical Biodiversity 23(2): 193-198.
Rajpoot A. & Chaudhry P., 2018, Green economics and value chain analysis of a cultivated medicinal plant (Pipla) from India. Int. J. Green Economics 12(1): 1-17.
Sadashivappa P., Suryaprakash S. & Vijaya Krishna V., 2006, Participation Behavior of Indigenous People in Non-Timber Forest Products Extraction and Marketing in the Dry Deciduous Forests of South India. Conference on International Agricultural Research for Development, October 11–13, Tropentag University of Bonn.
Shaanker R.U., Ganeshaiah K.N., Krishnan S., Ramya R., Meera C., Aravind N.A., Kumar A., Rao D., Vanaraj G., Ramachandra J., Gauthier R., Ghazoul J., Poole N. & Reddy B.V.C., 2004, Livelihood gains and ecological costs of non-timber forest product dependence: assessing the roles of dependence, ecological knowledge and market structure in three contrasting human and ecological setting in south India. Environmental Conservation 31(3): 242-253.
Ved D.K. & Goraya G.S., 2008, Demand and Supply of Medicinal Plants in India. NMPB, New Dehli & FRLHT, Bangalore, India. https://nmpb.nic.in/sites/default/files/publications/Contents.pdf
World Bank, 2005, India – Unlocking opportunities for forest-dependent people in India: Main report. World Bank, Washington, DC. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/373571468268482287/Main-report
How to Cite
Number of views and downloads: 35
Number of citations: 0