Concept of Sacraments in Eriugena’s Philosophical System

Adam Grzegorzyca

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/szhf.2018.058

Abstract


In the philosophical system of Eriugena nature has been divided into four forms of existence. The first form is God the Creator, the second form are the primordial (primary) causes, the third form is man and sensual beings, and the fourth is God, to whom the entire creation returned through man to contemplate God’s love. Creation arose in perfect human nature and fell down into the imperfect form of existence with man. The Son of God became a man who died and was resurrected. The creature that was redeemed in this way was given the opportunity to return to the Creator. In the last times there will be a universal return of human nature to the perfect state, and then the chosen will be deified and will obtain eternal happiness. People who live in the sensual world have the ability to mystically step into God. Individual ascension is an announcement of deification. Sacraments are an effective means in the ascending process. They have the power that directs the human intellect towards God. The different concepts of the sacraments have shaped the Church’s teaching in this matter for centuries. Currently, the Pope Francesco is also implementing certain changes in the discipline of sacraments. So it is worthwhile, according to the author of the article to bring closer the concept of sacraments of Eriugena – a condemned and rehabilitated philosopher who can be considered to be a significant representative of our civilization.


Keywords


Eriugena; God; mysteries; sacraments; human nature; man; mystical ascension

Full Text:

PDF (Polish)

References


Carabine Deirdre. 2000. John Scottus Eriugena. Great Medieval Thinkers. Oxford University Press.

Couturier Charles SJ. 1953. „Sacramentum et mysterium dans l’oeuvre de Saint Augustin”. Études Augustiniennes, red. Henri Rondet SJ (Paris) : 163–332.

Dulcow Donald. 1980. „Dialectic and Christology in Eriugena’s Periphyseon”. Dionysius (4) : 99–118.

Eriugena Jan Szkot. 2000. Komentarz do Ewangelii Jana z Homilią do Prologu Ewangelii Jana, przeł. Agnieszka Kijewska. Kęty: ANTYK.

Eriugena Jan Szkot. 2009. Periphyseon, Księga I, przeł. wst. i kom. opatrzyła Agnieszka Kijewska. Kęty: Wydawnictwo Marek Derewiecki.

Eriugena Jan Szkot. 2010. Periphyseon, Księga II, przeł. wst. i kom. opatrzyła Agnieszka Kijewska. Kęty: Wydawnictwo Marek Derewiecki.

Eriugena Jan Szkot. 2010. Periphyseon Księga III, przeł. wst. i kom. opatrzyła Agnieszka Kijewska. Kęty: Wydawnictwo Marek Derewiecki.

Eriugena Jan Szkot. 2012. Periphyseon, Księga IV, przeł. wst. i kom. opatrzyła Agnieszka Kijewska. Kęty: Wydawnictwo Marek Derewiecki.

Heinzmann Richard. 1999. Filozofia średniowieczna, przeł. Piotr Domański. Kęty: Antyk.

Iohannis Scotti Eriugenae. 1975. Expositiones in Ierarchiam Coelestem, ed. J. Barbet. Turnholti: Brepols.

Iohannis Scotti seu Eriugenae. 2003. Periphyseon, liber quintus, ed. É. Jeauneau. Turnholti: Brepols.

Katechizm Kościoła Katolickiego. 2002. Poznań: Pallottinum.

L’Osservatore Romano 9/2009.

McGinn Bernard. 1989. Eriugena Mysticus. W: Giovanni Scoto nel suo tempo. L’organizzazione del sapere in eta carolingia. Atti del XXIV Convegno storico internazionale del Centro di Studi sulla Spiritualita Medievale, ed. Claudio Leonardi, Enrico Menesto, Spoleto: Centro Italiano di Studi sull’Alto Medioevo.

McGinn Bernard. 1994. The Growth of Mysticism. From Gregory the Great to the Twelfth Century. London: SCM Press.

Otten Willemien. 1995. „Nature and Scripture: Demise of Medieval Analogy”, Harvard Theological Review 88 (2) : 257–284.

Pismo Święte Starego i Nowego Testamentu w przekładzie z języków oryginalnych. 2000. Poznań: Pallottinum.

Portalié Eugene. 1923. Augustin (Saint), 1 Vie, oeuvre et doctrine. W Dictionnaire de théologie catholique. Vol. 1, 2. Paris: Letouzey et Ané.

Pseudo-Dionizy Areopagita. 1997. Hierarchia kościelna. W Pisma teologiczne, tłum. Maria Dzielska. Kraków: Znak.

Pseudo-Dionizy Areopagita. 1997. List III. W Pisma teologiczne, tłum. Maria Dzielska. Kraków: Znak.

Smith Richard. 1989. „Oratio Placabilis Deo. Eriugena’s Fragmentary Teaching in Light of the Doctrine of the Periphyseon”, Dionysius 13 : 85–114.

Wear Sarah, John Dillon. 2007. Dionysius the Areopagite and the Neopatonist Tradition: Despoiling the Hellens. Ashgate.






Partnerzy platformy czasopism