A cognitive-grammaticalization model of the BE NAA… LA construction in Basse Mandinka

Alexander Andrason

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/LinCop.2013.004

Abstrakt


 The present paper provides a detailed description and analysis of the meaning of the BE NAA…LA form in Basse Mandinka within the cognitive and grammaticalization framework. On the one hand, the author designs the exact range of the semantic potential of the BE NAA…LA form by enumerating all possible senses which this construction can convey. On the other hand, he demonstrates that the considerable polysemy offered by the BE NAA…LA form may be networked, holistically grasped and dynamically explained by making use of two chaining templates based upon two distinct evolutionary paths, viz. the future perfect path and the venitive path. As a result, the meaning of the BE NAA…LA form is viewed as an amalgamation of two semantic spaces organized along two different paths. This amalgamation has its roots in a formal merger of the two underlying input expressions, which constitute the conceptual and diachronic sources of the two paths, and in a partial semantic overlap of the semantic domains available along these two evolutionary templates.   

"Kognitywny model konstrukcji czasownikowej BE NAA…LA w języku Mandinka (Basse Mandinka)"

Niniejszy artykuł zawiera szczegółowy opis i analizę znaczeń konstrukcji czasownikowej BE NAA…LA w języku Mandinka we wschodniej części Gambii (Basse Mandinka), z perspektywy językoznawstwa kognitywnego i teorii gramatykalizacji. Autor udowadnia, że rozmaite znaczenia wymienionej formacji można połączyć, a samą konstrukcję można przedstawić holistycznie – za pomocą dwóch typologicznych matryc ewolucyjnych lub łańcuchów gramatykalizacyjnych, tj. za pomocą ‘future perfect path’ oraz ‘venitive path’. W konsekwencji znaczenie formacji BE NAA... LA d efiniuje s ię j ako s umę d wóch p ól s emantycznych w ytyczonych p rzez p owyżej wskazane schematy rozwojowe. Połączenie matryc ewolucyjnych, organizujących znaczenia konstrukcji BE NAA LA, ma swe źródło w formalnym ujednoliceniu dwóch początkowych wyrażeń, które stanowią konceptualny i diachroniczny zaczątek obu łańcuchów gramatykalizacyjnych, a także w podobieństwie wytyczonych przez nie pól znaczeniowych.


Słowa kluczowe


lingwistyka kognitywna; gramatykalizacja; semantyka czasownika; język Mandinka; Cognitive linguistics; grammaticalization; verbal semantics; Mandinka

Pełny tekst:

PDF (English)

Bibliografia


Andersen H., 2006, The last days of the Russian Future Perfect, In: H. L. Andersen, M. Birkelund & M-B. Hansen (eds.), La linguistique au coeur. Valence verbal, grammaticalisation et corpus. Mélanges offerts à Lene

Schøsler à l’occasion de son 60e anniversaire, Odense: University of Southern Denmark Press, p. 149–160. Andrason A., 2010, Expressions of futurity in the Vilamovicean language, SPIL Plus 40, p. 1–11.

Andrason A., 2011a, The Biblical Hebrew verbal system in light of grammaticalization – the second generation, Hebrew Studies 52, p. 19–53.

Andrason A., 2011b, The BH weqatal. A homogenous form with no haphazard functions. Part 1, Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages 37(2), p. 1–25.

Andrason A., 2010b, The panchronic yiqtol. Functionally consistent and cognitively plausible, Journal of Hebrew Scriptures 10(10), p. 1–63.

Andrason A., 2011c, Semantics of the ta construction in Basse Mandinka, Linguistica Copernicana 6, p. 221–244.

Andrason, A. 2011d, Qatal, yiqtol, weqatal y wayyiqtol. Modelo pancrónico del sistema verbal de la lengua hebrea bíblica con el análisis adicional de los sistemas verbales de las lenguas acadia y árabe, Madrid: Publicaciones de Universidad Complutense.

Andrason A., 2012a, Cognitive foundations of the Old Babylonian iparras, Journal of Semitic Studies 57(1), p. 1–24.

Andrason A., 2012b, The BH weqatal. A homogenous form with no haphazard functions. Part 2, Journal of Northwest Semitic Languages 38(1), p. 1–30.

Andrason A., 2012c, The Basse Mandinka “Future”, Studies in African Linguistics 41(1), p. 1–33.

Andrason A., 2012d, The meaning of the NAATA + infinitive construction in Basse Mandinka, Lingua Posnaniensis 40, p. 7–19.

Andrason A., 2013a, Future values of the qatal are “logical” – How to chain future senses of the qatal to the core of its semantic network?, Hebrew Studies 54, p. 261–292.

Andrason A., 2013b, Introducción a la gramática descriptiva del mandinka de la región de Basse, Albacete: Uno Editorial.

Auyang S., 1998, Foundations of Complex-system Theories, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ariel M., 2008, Pragmatics and Grammar, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Bird Ch., Hutchison J. & Kanté M., 1976, An Ka Bamanankan Kalan. Beginning Bambara, Bloomington: Indiana University Linguistics Club.

Blecke T., 2004, La fonction du morphème tùn en Bambara. Une analyse dans le système de temps, aspect et mode, Mandenkan 40, p. 1–103.

Botne R., 2006, Motion, time, and tense: on the grammaticalization of come and go to future markers in Bantu, Studies in African Linguistics 35(2), p. 127–188.

Brauner S., 1977, Zur Definition einer Kategorie ‘unmittelbares Futur’ (futur immediat) im Bambara, Zeitschrift für Phonetik, Sprachwissenschaft und Kommunikationsforschung 30, p. 384–388.

Bybee J., 2010, Language, Usage and Cognition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bybee J., Perkins R. & Pagliuca W., 1994, The Evolution of Grammar, Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. Colley E., 1995, Mandinka Grammar Manual, Banjul: Peace Corps.

Couper-Kuhlen E. & Selting M., 2001, Introducing Interactional Linguistics, in: M. Selting & E. Couper-Kuhlen (eds.), Studies in Interactional Linguistics, Amsterdam: John Benjamins p. 1–22.

Creissels D., 1983, Eléments de grammaire de la langue mandinka, Grenoble: ELLUG. Croft W. & Cruse A., 2004, Cognitive Linguistics, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Dah l Ö., 2000a, The Tense and Aspect Systems of European Languages in a Typological Perspective, in: Ö. Dahl (ed.), Tense and Aspect in the Languages of Europe, Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, p. 3–25.

Dah l Ö. (ed.), 2000b, Tense and Aspect in the Languages of Europe, Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter.

Długosz-Kurczabowa K. & Dubisz S., 2003, Gramatyka historyczna Języka Polskiego, Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Iniwersyttu Warszawskiego.

Evans V. & Green M., 2006, Cognitive linguistics: an introduction, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Futuyma D., 1998, Evolutionary Biology, Sunderland: Sinauer Associates. Gamble D., 1987, Elementary Mandinka (Gambian Studies 20), San Francisco: Gamble.

Gilquin G., 2006, The place of prototypicality in corpus linguistics, in: S. Gries & A. Stefanowitsch (eds.), Corpora in Congnitive Linguistics, Berlin–New York: Mouton de Gruyter, p. 159–191.

Grevisse M., 1975, Le bon usage, 10e ed., Gembloux: Duculot.

Haspelmath M. et al. (ed.), 2001, Language Typology and Language Universals, Berlin– New York: Walter de Gruyter.

Heine B., 1997, Cognitive Foundations of Grammar, Oxford: Oxford University Press Heine B., Claudi U. & Hünnemeyer F., 1991, Grammaticalization. A Conceptual Framework, Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Heine B. & Kuteva T., 2007, The Genesis of Grammar: a Reconstruction, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Helasvuo M-L., 2009, Emergent grammar, in: F. Brisard, J.-O. Östman & J. Verschueren (eds.), Grammar, Meaning and Pragmatics, Amsterdam: John Benjamins, p. 66–73.

Hewson J. & Bubenik V., 1997, The tense and aspect in Indo-European languages: theory, typology, diachrony. Amsterdam studies in the theory and history of linguistic science. Series IV. Current issues in linguistic theory, Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Hopp er P. & Traugott E., 2003, Grammaticalization, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Houis M., 1981, Les schèmes d’énoncés en bambara, Mandenkan 1, p. 17–24. Idiatov D., 2000, Le sémantisme des marqueurs aspecto-temporels du bambara: une tentative d’analyse, Mandenkan 36, p. 1–59. II P, 1988, Selections from the Writings of the Promised Messiah, Tilford: Islam International Publications LTD.

Juge M., 2007, Metaphor and teleology do not drive grammaticalization, in: J. Salmons & Sh. Dubenion-Smith (eds.), Historical Linguistics 2005: Selected papers from the 17th International Conference on Historical Linguistics, Madison, Wisconsin, 31 July – 5 August 2005, Amsterdam: John Benjamins, p. 33–48.

Kastenholz R., 1996, Sprachgeschichte im West-Mande: Methoden und Rekonstruktionen, Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.

Koné D., 1984, Le verbe bambara: Essai sur les propriétés syntaxiques et sémantiques. Ph.D. Diss., Grenoble: Université des Langues et Lettres de Grenoble.

Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk B., 2007, Polysemy, Prototypes, and Radical Categories, in: D. Geeraerts & H. Cuyckens (eds.), Handbook of Cognitive Linguistics, Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 139–169.

Lewis P. M. (ed.), 2009, Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Dallas: SIL International. Lunt H., 1974, Old Church Slavonic Grammar, The Hague, Paris: Mouton.

Lück M. & Henderson L., 1993, Gambian Mandinka: a learning manual for English speakers, Banjul: WEC International.

Macbrair M., 1842, A Grammar of the Mandingo Language, London: The Wesleyan- -Methodist Missionary Society. Nandris G., 1988, Old Church Slavonic Grammar, London: The Athlone Press.

Nikulescu D., 2011, The grammaticalization of the future tense forms in 16th century Romanian, Revue Roumaine de Linguistique 56(4), p. 421–440

Nikiforidou K., 2009, Constructional analysis, in: F. Brisard, J-O. Östman & J. Verschueren (eds.), Grammar, Meaning and Pragmatics, Amsterdam: John Benjamins, p. 16–32.

Nurse D., 2008, Tense and Aspect in Bantu, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Rosenkranz B., 1955, Historische Laut- und Formlehre des Altebulgarischen, ’sGravenhage, Heildelberg: Mouton, Carl Winter.

Rowlands E., 1959, A grammar of Gambian Mandinka, London: SOAS.

Samassekou A., 1981, Eléments de morphologie verbale du bambara, Afrique et Langage 16, p. 67–73.

Schmalstieg W., 1983, An Introduction to Old Church Slavonic, Columbus: Slavica Publishers.

Tera K., 1984, Contribution à l’étude du futur en bambara et en jula tagbusi, Mandenkan 7, 27–44. Tyler A. & Evans V., 2003, The Semantics of English Prepositions: Spatial Scenes, Embodied Meaning, and Cognition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Van der Auwera J. & Gast V., 2011, Categories and prototypes, in: J. J. Song (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Typology, Oxford: Blackwell, p. 166–189.

Vydrine V., Bergman T. & Benja min M., 2000, Mandé language family of West Africa: Location and genetic classification (SIL Electronic Survey Report), Dallas: SIL International.

Waltke B. K & O’Connor M., 1990, An Introduction to Biblical Hebrew Syntax, Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns.

WEC , 1988a, A Practical Orthography of Gambian Mandinka, Banjul: WEC International.

WEC , 1988b, Mandinka English Dictionary, Banjul: WEC International.

WEC , 1989, Kambeŋ Kutoo, Banjul: WEC International.

WEC , 1991, Suluu buka a jikoo baayi, Banjul: WEC International.

WEC , 1995, Mandinka English Dictionary; Revised edition, Banjul: WEC International.

WEC , 1998, Kambeŋ Kotoo, Banjul: WEC International. WEC , 2002, Mandinka Learning Manual 2002, Banjul: WEC International.

Williamson K. & R. Blench, 2000, Niger-Congo, in: B. Heine & D. Nurse (eds.), African Languages, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 11–42.

Wilson W., 2000, Creissels’s Mandinka Grammar, Journal of West African Languages 28(2), p. 109–124.

Zawadzki R., 2003, Praktyczna składnia łacińska, Częstochowa: WSP








ISSN 2080-1068 (print)
ISSN 2391-7768 (online)

Partnerzy platformy czasopism