„Pomagajcie polskim dzieciom”. Humanitarna mobilizacja amerykańskiej opinii publicznej po I wojnie światowej

Sylwia Kuźma-Markowska

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/KH.2018.125.3.03

Abstrakt


Od początku 1919 r. do II Rzeczypospolitej, jak i do innych państw Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej, zaczęły przybywać amerykańskie organizacje humanitarne, niosące pomoc materialną i żywnościową społeczeństwom dotkniętym skutkami wojny i epidemii chorób zakaźnych. Stowarzyszenia z USA, na czele z największą i najważniejszą z nich: Amerykańską Administracją Pomocy, skupiły się przede wszystkim na dożywianiu dzieci, mobilizując amerykańską opinię publiczną do przeznaczania środków finansowych na ten cel oraz przedstawiając sytuację niedożywionych najmłodszych z tej części Europy jako istotny problem społeczny.

 

Starting from the early 1919, American humanitarian organizations began arriving in Poland, like in other states of Central Eastern Europe, with material and food assistance to societies devastated by the military conflict and epidemics of infectious diseases. American associations, with the largest and most important American Relief Administration in the lead, focused mainly on nourishing children, mobilizing American public opinion to raise money for this purpose, and presenting the situation of malnourished young children from this part of Europe as a grave social problem.


Słowa kluczowe


Amerykańska Administracja Pomocy; II Rzeczpospolita; Stany Zjednoczone; I wojna światowa; humanitaryzm; filantropia; American Relief Administration; Second Polish Republic; United States; Great War; humanitarianism; philanthropy

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