The Old Testament Background of “Ecce Homo” in John 19:5

Adam Kubiś

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/BPTh.2018.024

Abstrakt


Starotestamentowe tło „Ecce homo” w Ewangelii św. Jana 19,5

Słowa Piłata ἰδοὺ ὁ ἄνθρωπος (J 19,5) spotkały się z całą gamą różnorodnych interpretacji, czasem wzajemnie się wykluczających. Wśród nich znajdują się także propozycje widzące w wypowiedzi Piłata aluzję do kilku tekstów starotestamentowych. Niniejszy artykuł jest krytyczną prezentacją tych propozycji. Zostały zatem omówione interpretacje wskazujące na „Syna Człowieczego” z Księgi Daniela, Izajaszowego „Cierpiącego Sługę”, mesjańskiego „człowieka” z Za 6,12 i Lb 24,17 (LXX), Adama z Księgi Rodzaju, króla z 1 Sm 9,17 oraz oblubieńca z Pieśni nad Pieśniami. W każdym przypadku przestawiono krytyczną ocenę danej interpretacji. Autor przychyla się do stanowiska uznającego jednoczesne istnienie aluzji do wielu tekstów starotestamentowych w Piłatowym stwierdzeniu „Oto człowiek!”


Słowa kluczowe


Ecce homo; J 19,5; intertekstualność; Janowe użycie Starego Testamentu; metafora małżeńska

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Bibliografia


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